Argonne National Laboratory

Design of SECAR a Recoil Mass Separator for Astrophysical Capture Reactions with Radioactive Beams

Berg, G.; Couder, M.; Moran, M.; Smith, K.; Wiescher, M.; Schatz, H.; Montes, F.; Perdikakis, G.; Hager, U.; Wu, X.; Zeller, A.; Wrede, C.; Smith, M.; Bardayan, D.; Chipps, K. ; Pain, S.; Blackmon, J.; Griefe, U.; Rehm, K. E.; Janssens, R. V. F.
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A recoil mass separator SECAR has been designed for the purpose of studying low-energy (p,γ) and (α,γ) reactions in inverse kinematics with radioactive beams for masses up to about A = 65. Their reaction rates are of importance for our understanding of the energy production and nucleosynthesis during explosive hydrogen and helium burning. The radiative capture reactions take place in a windowless hydrogen or He gas target at the entrance of the separator, which consists of four Sections. The first Section selects the charge state of the recoils. The second and third Sections contain Wien Filters providing high mass resolving power to separate efficiently the intense beam from the few reaction products. In the following fourth Section, the reaction products are guided into a detector system capable of position, angle and time-of-flight measurements. In order to accept the complete kinematic cone of recoil particles including multiple scattering in the target in the center of mass energy range of 0.2 MeV to 3.0 MeV, the system must have a large polar angle acceptance of ± 25 mrad. This requires a careful minimization of higher order aberrations. The present system will be installed at the NSCL ReA3 accelerator and will be used with the much higher beam intensities of the FRIB facility when it becomes available.
Berg, G., M. Couder, M. Moran, K. Smith, M. Wiescher, H. Schatz, F. Montes, et al."Design of SECAR a Recoil Mass Separator for Astrophysical Capture Reactions with Radioactive Beams." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 877 January 1, 2018: 87-103. doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2017.08.048.