Five scientists join ranks of Argonne Distinguished FellowsBy Louise Lerner • July 18, 2012
ARGONNE, Ill. — The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has named scientists Khalil Amine, Larry Johnson, Ernst Rehm, Marc Snir and Brian Stephenson as Distinguished Fellows, the laboratory’s highest scientific and engineering rank.
The Argonne Distinguished Fellow title is comparable in stature to an endowed chair at a top-ranked university and recognizes exceptional contributions in a person's field. The rank is given for sustained outstanding scientific and engineering research and can also be associated with outstanding technical leadership of major, complex, high-priority projects.
Over more than two decades, Khalil Amine has built an outstanding career as battery researcher and developer and has carried out pioneering research in electrical energy storage. His work has led to the discovery of high-energy and high-power cathode materials that are leading the way for advanced electric vehicles worldwide. He has also led the development of a new class of organic molecules that have significantly enhanced resistance to oxidation at high voltages.
Amine was the most cited scientist in the world in the field of battery technology from 1998-2008. He is a member of the Electrochemical Society, the Materials Research Society and the American Ceramic Society.
Larry Johnson joined Argonne in 1979 when the transportation research program consisted of five people; now the program exceeds $80 million per year. Among his accomplishments are adding major facilities including the Advanced Powertrain Research Facility, the transportation beamline in the Advanced Photon Source and the Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center, a supercomputer supporting the U.S. Department of Transportation. He also increased Argonne’s international collaboration, overseeing MOUs between Argonne and transportation research organizations in China, India and South Korea.
Johnson has testified before Congress on transportation energy and planning issues and is the author or co-author of more than 100 publications or presentations in journals, books, technical reports and activities and conference proceedings.
Ernst Rehm is a world-recognized expert in nuclear astrophysics. He helped direct the production of tailor-made radioactive beams through carefully chosen secondary reactions at the Argonne Tandem-Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS), a remarkable achievement that has enhanced the ATLAS research program over the last decade.
Rehm’s research interests lie in studies of the reaction mechanisms—trying to understand how nuclei interact with each other via elastic and inelastic scattering, through few-particle transfers up to complex multi-particle transfer reactions and fusion and the interplay among these various reaction modes. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society.
Marc Snir is one of the pioneers in the field of parallel computing and has contributed several fundamental results that still impact the way researchers, users and systems administrators work with parallel computers. While at IBM, his research group contributed to several scalable parallel computing systems, including the IBM Blue Gene family of machines. Snir was also a major contributor to the design of the Message Passing Interface. He has published numerous papers on computational complexity, parallel algorithms, parallel architectures, interconnection networks, parallel languages and libraries, and parallel programming environments.
Currently, Snir is deeply involved with the DOE-led effort to execute next-generation exascale systems within the decade.
Brian Stephenson is the associate laboratory director for Photon Sciences at the laboratory and director of the Advanced Photon Source (APS). He has been a world-leading pioneer in the development and application of hard X-ray synchrotron techniques for materials science. He has extensive experience in building and managing synchrotron X-ray instrumentation and beamlines; prior to becoming director in 2010, he had been involved for many years in carrying out research at the APS and in developing the proposal to upgrade the APS.
His highly cited work includes establishing the existence of ferroelectricity in ultrathin ferroelectric films, the observation of speckle in the diffraction of coherent X-rays, and the nanometer focusing of X-rays using multilayer Laue lenses.
He has authored or co-authored more than 150 publications, is a co-inventor on three patents and is a fellow of the American Physical Society.
Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation's first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America's scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science.