Two Argonne scientists elected Materials Research Society officersBy Louise Lerner • November 3, 2011
ARGONNE, Ill. —Two scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have been elected to serve as officers of the Materials Research Society: Orlando Auciello will be the organization's 2012 vice president, set to become president in 2013, and Stephen Streiffer will be a member of the board of directors. Both are three-year terms.
The Materials Research Society (MRS) is an organization of materials researchers from academia, industry, and government that promotes communication for the advancement of interdisciplinary materials research to improve the quality of life. The society has nearly 16,000 members from 80 countries.
Stephen Streiffer is the deputy associate lab director for Physical Sciences and Engineering at Argonne. Streiffer's scientific expertise lies in nanostructured complex oxides and in structural characterization of materials. Overarching themes in his personal research have included the development of novel concepts for integration of oxide heterostructures, establishing a fundamental understanding of polar interfaces and exploring how these interfaces may be manipulated to influence electronic and chemical function. In addition to work with the MRS, he is a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and a Fellow of the American Physical Society.
His active research projects focus on using in-situ synchrotron X-ray methods to probe chemical vapor deposition of complex oxides, as well as phase transformations and nanoscale-size effects in ferroic thin films. He is also currently involved in in-situ synchrotron X-ray studies of the synthesis of heterostructures as part of an effort to expand the basic understanding of materials for energy-efficient solid state lighting. He has authored or co-authored more than 150 scientific publications and holds one patent.
Orlando Auciello is an Argonne Distinguished Fellow who works in the Materials Science Division. Auciello directs several basic and applied research programs in different fields, with a focus on multifunctional multicomponent oxide and nanocarbon thin films. The oxide films have applications in areas such as ferroelectric memories and photovoltaic energy generation and storage devices, while the nanocarbon films could serve as electrodes in fuel cells for energy generation.
Auciello's research also focuses on the science and technology of a novel ultrananocrystalline diamond film, developed and patented at Argonne. The films can be applied to multifunctional devices such as microelectromechanical systems, biosensors, mechanical pump seals, bearings for pharmaceutical drug mixers, electrodes for water purification systems and implantable biomedical devices—including artificial retinas, heart valves and joints. He has co-founded two companies, Advanced Diamond Technologies and Original Biomedical Implants, to bring this technology to the market.
Auciello has co-authored more than 400 publications, 14 patents and 19 books. He was elected a fellow of the AAAS and the MRS Societies in 2009 and has received six R&D 100 awards, the so-called "Oscars of Innovation." He has been a member of the MRS since 1993.
Auciello said he hopes to expand the MRS outreach by hosting a symposium to attract young scientists into materials research. "I want especially to focus on the variety of careers that young scientists and engineers can have beyond just academia, national laboratories or industry," he said. "Scientists can be entrepreneurs too, and they can help bring discoveries from the laboratory to the marketplace to make an impact on society." He also hopes to expand international collaboration.
The MRS Materials Research Society was officially founded in 1973 on the core principles of interdisciplinarity, focused symposia, and greater interaction among researchers. These principles make MRS different from single-discipline professional societies because they encourage communication and technical information exchange across the various fields of science affecting materials. The Society sponsors two major international annual meetings and publishes both the Journal of Materials Research and the MRS Bulletin.