Argonne National Laboratory

Friction, Wear, and Lubrication Technologies

Friction, Wear, and Lubrication Technologies

Frictional losses in an engine waste fuel — as much as 10 to 20 percent of the total fuel energy, depending on factors such as engine size, type, driving conditions and weather. Reducing these losses by just 10 percent can reduce U.S. fuel consumption by 100,000 barrels of oil per day and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 40,000 tonnes per day.

Argonne's Surfaces and Lubrication Interaction, Discovery and Engineering (SLIDE) researchers develop advanced solutions to these problems that integrate fuel-efficient lubricants, low-friction materials and coatings and engineered surfaces to improve fuel economy of legacy vehicles by 2 to 3 percent, and of future vehicles by 4 to 8 percent, while maintaining or improving durability, reliability and emissions characteristics.

SLIDE research encompasses:

  • Developing advanced lubricant additives and basefluids, lubricant-boosting materials and coatings
  • Conducting mechanistic studies of tribofilm phenomena and mechanical properties
  • Correlating lubricant performance and engine/vehicle fuel economy

More Information

Projects

Lubricants

Advanced lubrication approaches that integrate fuel-efficient lubricants, low-friction materials and coatings and engineered surfaces to improve fuel economy

Nanoadditives

Development of new functional additives that reduce friction and wear and prevent scuffing

Superslick and Superhard Coatings

Innovative coatings that increase engine efficiency and component reliability by reducing friction