Argonne National Laboratory

Fuels

Fuels

Today, the world meets much of its energy needs by burning fossil fuels such as crude-oil-derived fuels for transportation applications and natural gas for stationary power supply. The overarching goal of Argonne’s research activities in this area is the assessment of fuel options to displace fossil fuels with bio-derived as well as other domestically sourced alternatives. This research has the potential to help diversify our energy supply base while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and criteria pollutants. These research activities also represent a critical part of the ongoing multi-lab effort in the area of fuel/engine co-optimization.

Experts at Argonne work closely with industrial partners to evaluate alternative fuel options for a range of internal combustion engine and gas turbine applications. Applications include light-duty and heavy-duty on-road transportation as well as the off-road transportation and the stationary power supply sector. Argonne’s diverse team of experts and state-of-the-art experimental facilities for fundamental fuel kinetics studies as well as engine and vehicle evaluations make Argonne the ideal place to conduct these interdisciplinary research projects. Specialists with backgrounds in engine and combustion system development as well as fuel chemistry collaborate with our leading experts in advanced engine simulations, allowing for a comprehensive assessment of alternative fuels for a range of applications.

PROJECTS

Fuel Kinetics
Investigating the autoignition behavior of transportation-relevant fuels to better understand how these influence combustion in advanced internal combustion engines

Fuel Spray Analysis
Visualizing the flow inside the engine's fuel injector nozzle using X-ray beams at the Advanced Photon Source