Argonne National Laboratory

Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates

Figure 1. Monthly New PEV Sales by Model

Figure 1. Monthly New PEV Sales by Model

Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.

Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-5. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 4 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 5 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.

Latest Monthly Sales Data

During July 2017, 29,050 HEVs (21,488 cars and 7,562 LTs) were sold, down 11.0% over the sales in July 2016. Toyota accounted for 61.3% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 26.6% (7,739 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 39.0% from July 2016. The July 2017 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.05%, while July 2017 HEV cars captured 4.26% share of total car sales.

Total 14,866 plug-in vehicles (7,802 BEVs and 7,064 PHEVs) were sold during July 2017, up 4.1% over the sales in July 2016. PEVs captured 2.95% of total car sales in this month. PHEV sales included 1,645 Prius Prime, 1,518 Chevrolet Volt, 844 Ford C-Max Energi, 703 Ford Fusion Energi, 463 BMW X5, 387 BMW 3-Series Plugin, 218 Audi A3 Plug In, 200 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, 174 Volvo XC90 PlugIn, 160 Cayenne S E-Hybrid, 130 Kia Optima Plug-in, 124 Mercedes S550 Plug, 112 Mercedes C350We, 80 BMW 7-series Plug-in, 75 of the new Mini Countryman S E, 55 BMW i8, 27 Mercedes GLE550e, 22 Cadillac CT6 plug-in, 2 Cadillac ELR, and 0 Panamera S E-Hybrid.

BEV sales included 1,971 Chevy Bolt, 1,500 Tesla Model S (est.), 1,400 Model X (est.), 1,283 Nissan Leaf, 601 BMW i3, 257 Fiat 500E, 308 VW e-Golf, 148 Ford Focus Electric, 145 Kia Soul EV, 81 Mercedes B-Class Electric, 43 of the new Hyundai Ioniq EV, 34 of the all new Honda Clarity, and 30 of the all new Tesla Model 3, 1 Chevrolet Spark, 0 Smart ED, and 0 Mitsubishi I. BEV sales included 1,800 Model X (est.), 1,700 Tesla Model S (est.), 1,566 Chevy Bolt, 1,392 Nissan Leaf, 506 BMW i3, 381 VW e-Golf, 310 Fiat 500E, 132 Ford Focus Electric, 129 Kia Soul EV, 75 Hyundai Ioniq, 46 Mercedes B-Class Electric, and 1 Smart ED.

FCEV sales include 82 Toyota Mirai, 82 Honda Clarity, and 1 Hyundai Tucson.

Data Sources

Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.