Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates
Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.
Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-5. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 4 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 5 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.
Latest Monthly Sales Data
During May 2017, 33,758 HEVs (26,916 cars and 6,842 LTs) were sold, up 10.4% over the sales in May 2016. Toyota accounted for 53.7% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 24% (8,114 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 35.2% from May 2016. The May 2017 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.22%, while May 2017 HEV cars captured 4.8% share of total car sales.
Total 16,368 plug-in vehicles (8,038 BEVs and 8,330 PHEVs) were sold during May 2017, up 37.4% over the sales in May 2016. PEVs captured 2.95% of total car sales in this month. PHEV sales included 1,908 Prius Prime, 1,817 Chevrolet Volt, 1,000 Ford Fusion Energi, 950 Ford C-Max Energi, 485 Chrysler Pacifica Plug-ins, 475 BMW 3-Series Plugin, 433 BMW X5, 294 Audi A3 Plug In, 225 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, 174 Cayenne S E-Hybrid, 147 BMW 530e, 146 Volvo XC90 PlugIn, 85 Kia Optima Plug-in, 83 Mercedes S550 Plug, 33 BMW 7-series Plug-in, 33 Mercedes GLE550e, 18 BMW i8, 16 Cadillac CT6, 7 Mercedes C350We, and 1 Panamera S E-Hybrid.
BEV sales included 1,800 Model X (est.), 1,700 Tesla Model S (est.), 1,566 Chevy Bolt, 1,392 Nissan Leaf, 506 BMW i3, 381 VW e-Golf, 310 Fiat 500E, 132 Ford Focus Electric, 129 Kia Soul EV, 75 Hyundai Ioniq, 46 Mercedes B-Class Electric, and 1 Smart ED.
FCEV sales include 162 Toyota Mirai, 119 Honda Clarity, and 4 Hyundai Tucson sold in May 2017.
Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.