Argonne National Laboratory

Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates

Figure 1. Monthly New PEV Sales by Model

Figure 1. Monthly New PEV Sales by Model

Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.

Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-5. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 4 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 5 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.

Latest Monthly Sales Data

During March 2017, 32,012 HEVs (23,043 cars and 8,969 LTs) were sold, up 11.3% over the sales in March 2016. Toyota accounted for 55.3% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 25.4% (8,143 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 32.5% from March 2016. The March 2017 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.06%, while March 2017 HEV cars captured a 3.90% share of total car sales.

Total 17,550 plug-in vehicles (10,166 BEVs and 7,384 PHEVs) were sold during March 2017, up 41.1% over the sales in March 2016. PEVs captured 2.97 of total car sales in this month. PHEV sales included 2,132 Chevrolet Volt, 1,618 Prius Prime, 1,002 Ford Fusion Energi, 662 Ford C-Max Energi, 414 Audi A3 Plug In, 397 BMW X5, 365 BMW 3-Series Plugin, 275 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, 126 Cayenne S E-Hybrid, 103 Volvo XC90 PlugIn, 70 Kia Optima Plug-in, 60 Mercedes S550 Plug, 47 Mercedes GLE550e, 49 BMW i8, 42 BMW 7-series Plug-in, 17 Mercedes C350We and 3 Panamera S E-Hybrid. BEV sales included 3,100 Tesla Model S (est.), 2,500 Model X (est.), 1,478 Nissan Leaf, 978 Chevy Bolt, 703 BMW i3, 418 Fiat 500E, 407 Ford Focus Electric, 342 VW e-Golf, 171 Kia Soul EV, 50 Mercedes B-Class Electric, 13 Smart ED, 3 Chevrolet Spark, and 3 Mitsubishi I.

FCEV sales include 118 Toyota Mirai, 23 Honda Clarity, and 2 Hyundai Tucson sold in March 2017.

When plug-in vehicle sales are added to HEV sales, their CYTD share of LDV sales was 3.07%.

Data Sources

Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.