Argonne National Laboratory

Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates

Figure 1. Monthly New PEV Sales by Model

Figure 1. Monthly New PEV Sales by Model

Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.

Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-5. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 4 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 5 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.

Latest Monthly Sales Data

HEV Sales

During November 2017, 30,075 HEVs (22,626 cars and 7,449 LTs) were sold, up 5.5% over the sales in November 2016. Toyota accounted for 55.8% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 21.0% (6,315 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 35.0% from November 2016. The November 2017 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.15%, while November 2017 HEV cars captured 4.85% share of total car sales.

Plug-In Vehicle Sales

Total 16,843 plug-in vehicles (8,440 BEVs and 8,403 PHEVs) were sold during November 2017, up 19.3% over the sales in November 2016. PEVs captured 3.61% of total car sales in this month.

PHEV sales included 1,834 Toyota Prius Prime, 1,702 Chevrolet Volt, 929 BMW X5, 872 BMW 5-Series Plug in, 731 Ford Fusion Energi, 523 Ford C-Max Energi, 477 BMW 3-Series Plug in, 264 Chrysler Pacifica, 213 Kia Optima Plug in, 204 Volvo XC90 Plug in, 120 BMW 7-Series Plug in, 96 Mini Countryman Plug In, 91 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, 82 Volvo XC60 Plug In, 44 BMW i8, 41 Mercedes GLE 550e Hybrid, 38 Audi A3 Plug In, 38 Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid, 32 Volvo S90 Plug In, 29 Cadillac CT6, 22 Mercedes S550 Plug In, 16 Mercedes C350We Plug-in Hybrid, 5 Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, and 0 Cadillac ELR.

BEV sales included 2987 Chevrolet Bolt EV, 1800 Tesla Model X, 1400 Tesla Model S, 464 Honda Clarity BEV, 350 Tesla Model 3, 289 Volkswagen e-Golf, 283 BMW i3, 235 Fiat 500e, 207 Kia Soul EV, 175 Nissan Leaf, 121 Ford Focus EV, 68 Smart ED, 31 Mercedes B-Class Electric, 23 Hyundai Ioniq EV, 7 Chevrolet Spark, and 0 Mitsubishi i.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Sales

There were 249 Toyota Mirai, 0 Hyundai Tucson, and 0 Honda Clarity sold in November 2017.

Data Sources

Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.