Argonne National Laboratory

Virtual Vehicle - Component-in-the-Loop

Preparing a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) battery for testing on Argonne’s Battery-in-the-Loop system

Preparing a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) battery for testing on Argonne’s Battery-in-the-Loop system

How do you evaluate unique vehicle configurations without building each vehicle from the ground up? Argonne researchers have developed sophisticated tools that enable creation of “virtual” vehicles using a technique called Component-in-the-Loop.

Component-in-the-Loop evaluation allows researchers to study component technologies and their system-level impacts without building and disassembling an entire vehicle each time a component is changed. Argonne engineers can perform prototype component evaluations within a vehicle context (component-focused experiments) and vehicle-level evaluations that require real components (vehicle-focused experiments), which:

  • Permit study of physical components by using a “virtual vehicle” (computer model) to simulate controls and drive cycles;
  • Allow for the evaluation of components, such as engines, batteries and motors, as if they are operating in a real vehicle;
  • Provide quick evaluation of energy management, performance thermal losses and emissions; and
  • Shorten research and development time, leading to more rapid commercialization of new technologies.