Upcoming Events

Image Furnaces and Crystal Growth

October 9, 2012 11:00AM to 12:00PM
Presenter 
Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier (CSE) and Northwestern University
Location 
Building 205, Y-Wing Auditorium
Type 
Colloquium
Series 
CSE Colloquium
Abstract:
This seminar will review how image furnaces are used to grow single crystals and describe the new crystal growth capabilities both at Northwestern University and Argonne National Laboratory. Figure 1 shows the number of publications worldwide by country related to “crystal growth of oxides” from 2000 to the present, which is in part driven by the widespread availability of image furnaces. As described in the 2009 National Research Council study, “Frontiers in Crystalline Matter: From Discovery to Technology,” the discovery of new crystalline materials and the ability to grow large crystals of these materials is a rapidly diminishing skill in the United States. Single crystals enable a vast spectrum of “basic” scientific discoveries many of which in turn have transformed the global technology landscape, for example silicon and semiconductor based electronics to solid-state lasers to the world-wide emerging photovoltaic industry to name a few. For the last 60 years of the 20th century, the U.S. research community led the world in the discovery of such crystalline materials that enabled these and many other new technologies. These new image furnaces are a key component of Argonne’s Materials for Energy (MfE) initiative.