Argonne’s Materials Science Division contains eleven research groups, each of which have a unique identity but work in concert to further the goals of the laboratory and the Department of Energy, finding new ways to manipulate materials for new effects or to better use energy. The creation of novel materials, and the analysis and control of their properties offers a unique pathway toward new devices and technological breakthroughs.
The Institute for Molecular Engineering, housed at Argonne in the Materials Science Division, is addressing a set of key research areas that seek to produce key advances in a number different areas. Each one aims at a major societal problem of global significance: Arts, Sciences, and Technology; Energy Storage and Harvesting; Immuno-Engineering and Cancer; Molecular Engineering of Water Resources; Quantum Information and Technology; and Nano-Patterning and Nanolithography.
The Molecular Materials Group synthesizes, characterizes, and computationally models novel materials whose unique properties originate at the molecular and atomic level. Our expertise in synthesis gives us the ability to tailor structures with nanoscale and subnanometer control, giving rise to catalytic properties for energy conversion and storage. This is combined with a computational effort based on electronic structure methods and molecular dynamics simulations that provides insight into properties of new materials being explored in our group as well as in other Argonne programs.
The Neutron and X-ray Scattering Group investigates the structure and dynamics of bulk and interfacial strongly correlated electron systems with a particular focus on the role of phase competition in generating complex phenomena of interest, such as superconductivity, magnetism, and thermoelectricity.
The Surface Chemistry Group investigates ways to improve our influence over and understanding of surface species, composition, and structure at length scales that range from the atomic level to the microscale. The group’s expertise includes atomic layer deposition and epitaxy, time-of-flight ion mass spectrometry, tunable laser spectroscopy, ion sputtering, optoelectronic and electrochemical characterization, and device assembly.
We focus on the use of cutting-edge synchrotron X-ray techniques to advance the development of new functional materials. The work is organized into two primary thrusts, the Synchrotron Radiation Studies (SRS) team that develops and applies new X-ray techniques; and the Proximity Effects in Charged Oxide Heterostructures (PECOH) team that develops new functional materials for energy-related applications.