Argonne National Laboratory

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Argonne scientists Ivan Sadovskyy (left) and Valerii Vinokur published a paper showing a mathematical construction to a possible local violation of the Second Law of the Thermodynamics. One implication for the research could be a way to one day remotely power a device — that is, the energy expended to light the lamp could take place anywhere. (Image by Mark Lopez/Argonne National Laboratory.)
Argonne researchers posit way to locally circumvent Second Law of Thermodynamics

For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme. But Argonne researchers announced recently that they may have discovered a little loophole in this famous maxim.

October 19, 2016
DOE is partnering with the National Cancer Institute in an “all-government” approach to fighting cancer.  Called the Joint Design of Advanced Computing Solutions for Cancer, this initial three-year pilot project makes use of DOE supercomputing resources to build sophisticated computational models that facilitate breakthroughs in the fight against cancer on the molecular, patient and population levels. (Image by Argonne National Laboratory)
Cancer’s big data problem

The U.S. Department of Energy is partnering with the National Cancer Institute in an “all-government” approach to fighting cancer. Part of this partnership is a three-year pilot project called the Joint Design of Advanced Computing Solutions for Cancer, which will use DOE supercomputing to build sophisticated computational models to facilitate breakthroughs in the fight against cancer on the molecular, patient and population levels.

October 19, 2016
Hydrogen fuel cells, like the one shown above, could provide many advantages and pathways for cleaner energy use. (science photo/Shutterstock)
Six things you might not know about hydrogen

October 8th is National Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Day. To celebrate, here are a few things you might not know about hydrogen and fuel cells.

October 7, 2016
The new Materials Design Laboratory at Argonne will be the final building to complete Argonne’s Energy Quad, a group of four adjoining buildings designed to maximize collaboration between energy and materials scientists at Argonne. A groundbreaking ceremony was held on September 2.
Lab breaks ground on new Materials Design Laboratory to spur transformative technologies

From designing tailored superconductors to transform the nation's energy grid to developing better materials for wind turbines and finding potential replacements for silicon for next-generation computers, the next new building at Argonne will allow scientists to discover new materials, understand how they work and put them to use.

September 26, 2016
Researchers at Argonne modeled the HcaR protein complex, above, a sort of molecular policeman that controls when to activate genes that code for enzymes used by  Acinetobacter bacteria to break down compounds for food. Understanding these processes can help scientists develop ideas for converting more carbon in soil. (Image courtesy Kim et al./Journal of Biological Chemistry.)
Two protein studies discover molecular secrets to recycling carbon and healing cells

Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have mapped out two very different types of protein. One helps soil bacteria digest carbon compounds; the other protects cells from the effects of harmful molecules.

September 9, 2016
Neuqua Valley High School  students Anna Thomas, Vanessa Cai, Nadia Young and Natalie Ferguson discuss an experiment at Sector 20 of the Advanced Photon Source, a large synchrotron at Argonne National Laboratory. The students used X-rays to study ancient pottery. (Photo by Mark Lopez, Argonne National Laboratory)
High schoolers study ancient pottery at Advanced Photon Source

The experimental facilities of a typical high school physics classroom don’t usually include a synchrotron. But Natalie Ferguson and more than 60 of her schoolmates not only got to see the Advanced Photon Source: they used it to do research.

June 16, 2016
Argonne Distinguished Fellow Paul Messina has been tapped to lead  the DOE and NNSA’s Exascale Computing Project with the goal of paving the way toward exascale supercomputing.
Messina discusses rewards, challenges for new exascale project

The exascale initiative has an ambitious goal: to develop supercomputers a hundred times more powerful than today’s systems. Argonne Distinguished Fellow Paul Messina, who has been tapped to lead a DOE/NNSA project designed to pave the way, speaks on the potential for exascale and the challenges along the way.

June 8, 2016
Researchers from the University of Guelph have visited the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory for the past three years to use the facility’s bright X-rays to study the structure of edible fats, present in foods like oils, milk fat, cheese and much more. In this photo, Braulio Macias Rodriguez, a University of Guelph graduate student, left, and Fernanda Peyronel, research associate, examine a sample of anhydrous milk fat at beamline 9ID-D, the ultra-small-angle scattering facility.
Tasty fat: X-rays finding the blueprint of why fat is yummy

Over three years, a University of Guelph team has brought increasingly complex samples of edible fat to the Advanced Photon Source for research. They are using data from the facility to characterize the nanoscale structure of different kinds of edible fats and applying the data to a model that predicts the effect of processes like heating and mixing on fat structure.

May 27, 2016
Several different remediation processes are available to clean up soil, varying in efficiency, cost and sustainability for specific site conditions. When officials suspect a site is contaminated, they conduct an assessment to determine the pollutant, the extent of contamination and the appropriate method to remediate the soil. (Click image to enlarge.)
Five ways scientists can make soil less dirty

Argonne's Applied Geosciences and Environment Management Program evaluates potentially contaminated sites and applies remediation methods that are both efficient and environmentally friendly by reducing secondary impacts, such as emissions from trucks that transport soil to a treatment facility.

May 23, 2016
A row of tanker trucks transport water from Lake Sakakawea in North Dakota's Bakken region to oil well production sites. The water is injected under high pressure into a wellbore to fracture deep rock formations in order to release the flow of natural gas and petroleum in a process call hydraulic fracturing.
Temporary oilfield workers are major factor in increased water use in N. Dakota Bakken region

Increased water use in the rapidly growing oil industry in North Dakota's Bakken oil shale region, or play, is surprisingly due not only to oil well development but also to people, according to a recent study. Increased oil development in that region has attracted thousands of oilfield employees.

May 19, 2016