High-energy physics

The Fundamentals of Global Warming Science
Abstract:
Although the basic physics of global warming due to anthropogenic release of CO2 has been understood for more than 100 years, a large portion of the U.S. population mistrusts scientists on this vital issue. In this talk, I will review the fundamentals of radiation transfer in the Earth/atmosphere system. The Ice Ages will be shown to be an excellent calibration tool for the response of the global temperature to forcing. I will review the latest temperature measurements of the surface and ocean, as well as the response of the polar ice sheets to the increased temperature.

Probing Dark Matter Couplings to Top and Bottom at the LHC
Abstract:
Monojet searches are a powerful way to place model-independent constraints on effective operators coupling dark matter to the standard model. For operators generated by the exchange of a scalar mediator, however, couplings to light quarks are suppressed and the prospect of probing such interactions through the inclusive monojet channel at the LHC is limited. We propose dedicated searches, focusing on bottom and top quark final states, to constrain this class of operators. We show that a search in mono b-jets can significantly improve current limits.
Precision Muon Physics
Abstract:
A snapshop of the worldwide, vibrant experimental program involving precision measurements with muons will be presented. Recent achievements in this field have greatly improved our knowledge of fundamental parameters: Fermi constant (lifetime), weak-nucleon pseudoscalar coupling (mu-p capture), Michel decay parameters, and the proton charged radius (Lamb shift). The charged-lepton-violating decay Mu --> e gamma sets new physics limits.
First Results from the Planck Mission
Abstract:
This talk will provide a perspective on the first results from the Planck mission on the CMB temperature anisotropy. Salman Habib will give a short introduction to the current key problems in cosmology and how Planck provides one of the most significant of all CMB measurements. Clarence Chang will then describe the technical aspects of Planck and how the results fit within our current base of cosmological knowledge, which has grown very significantly since the days when Planck was first planned.

The Interplay Between the Top Quark and the Higgs Boson
Abstract:
How a discovery from a generation ago can help us understand the latest breakthrough in particle physics.
Neutrino and Anti-Neutrino Cross-Section Results from MiniBooNE
Abstract:
Since the discovery of the neutrino oscillations in 1998, the experimental program to precisely determine the details of how neutrinos change flavor has generally used heavy nuclei as the medium for detection. Among other things, this choice affords increased interaction statistics to more quickly gain sensitivity to the oscillation parameters, and has allowed for a first look at GeV-range neutrino and anti-neutrino cross sections on heavy nuclei.