2013 Hyundai Sonata

The 2013 Hyundai Sonata was evaluated to develop a baseline database of conventional (non-hybrid) vehicle technologies with which advanced technologies vehicles could be compared. The vehicles tested during this program either serve as direct comparisons to advanced technology vehicles, or demonstrated unique design attributes which affected parameters such as:

2013 Volkswagen Jetta TDI

The 2013 Volkswagen Jetta TDI was evaluated as part of the Advanced Vehicles Technology Evaluation (AVTE) under the funding and guidance of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).

Key Technology

  • 2.0L 4-cylinder turbo diesel
  • Common-rail direct injection
  • 6 speed dual clutch transmission
  • Multiple emissions reduction components: Oxy Cat, PM filter and NOx Trap
2010 Mercedes S400 BlueHybrid

The S400h is a mild hybrid system, which uses one of the first OEM Lithium-Ion battery packs available, and is packaged under the hood. Another unique attribute to the vehicle is the electric motor of the S400h is mounted in the location of the engine flywheel, and thus spins directly at engine speed.

Key Technology

  • 3.5L Atkinson cycle V6
  • 7-spd automatic transmission
  • Lithium Ion Battery with integrated air conditioning
  • Under-hood battery packaging
  • Engine-off capability on deceleration
  • Eco Start-Stop Technology
2010 Honda Insight

The 2010 Honda Insight is the second generation Insight. This all-new vehicle changed from a sub-compact 2-passenger vehicle (model years 2000 to 2006) to a 5-passenger, 5 door compact sedan. The Insight remains a dedicated HEV platform; as such the battery and power electronics bay is situated between the rear wheels, not behind the rear seat as in the Civic HEV. Compared to the previous Civic HEV, the batteries have been downsized to a lower voltage. Many features of the vehicle were designed to bring the overall vehicle cost down. As in the Civic HEV the engine is also 1.3 L.

2010 Honda CR-Z Hybrid

The Honda CR-Z hybrid builds upon the Insight/Civic Honda hybrid systems with a sporty angle. The vehicle is marketed as a successor to the CRX 2-seat sport compact. It features a 1.5 L (83 kW) engine (larger than the 1.3 L used in the Insight and Civic HEVs) and is offered with both an automatic (push-belt CVT) and a manual transmission. The battery is similar to the Insight pack at 100.8 nominal voltage. The IMA motor is specified at 13 hp.

2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid

Ford has been using a power-split architecture in the Escape HEV since 2004. The Fusion HEV builds upon that technology but with enhancements like: higher EV driving speed (up to 47 MPH), electric A/C unit for cabin cooling during engine-off, variable valve timing, improved battery (smaller, lighter, no need for active cooling system), and a high-resolution screen with multiple gages and feedbacks that allow the driver to tailor driving style to maximize fuel economy.

2010 Toyota Prius

The MY2010 Toyota Prius represents the most recent iteration of Toyota's hybrid system which began wide-scale production in 1997. This vehicle includes an Atkinson-cycle engine, two electric machines and a power-split device used to control the allocation of energy between the electric and mechanical (fuel) power paths. The MY2010 Prius also specifically seeks to improve the vehicle's real-world fuel economy, namely, hot and cold weather operation as well as improving high-speed operation with minimal compromise to urban driving.

2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid

The MY2011 Hyundai Sonata represents a P2 hybrid platform, allowing for operation of its gasoline engine, electric motor or any desired combination of the two. The vehicle is constructed with a 2.4L Atkinson-Cycle engine and an AC synchronous motor each with the ability to independently drive the 6 speed automatic transmission. This architecture allows for a higher electric-only vehicle speeds (tested at 81 mph) and increased engine-off operating capability over power split hybrid architectures.

2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco

Key Technology

  • ECOTEC 2.4L DOHC I4 with direct injection
  • 15kW Belt Alternator Starter (BAS)
  • 6 speed Automatic Transmission
  • .5 kWhr capacity Li-Ion battery
2013 Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid

Key Technology

  • 1.4L Turbocharged Engine - 110kW, 250Nm
  • P2 Motor - 28kW, 150Nm
  • Engine Disconnect Clutch
  • 7 Speed Dual Clutch Transmission
  • 222 V Nominal, 1.1kWhr Lithium Ion Battery