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Synergistic Effect of Chlorination and Selenophene: Achieving Elevated Solar Conversion in Highly Aggregated System.


Zhong, Xiaowei; Chen, Hui; Wang, Meijing; Gan, Shenglong; He, Qiming; Chen, Wei; He, Feng


Chlorination and selenophene were used to develop benzothiadiazole-based polymers for high-performance polymer solar cells (PSCs). The introduction of selenophene can increase crystallinity due to the metalloid nature of selenium and thus facilitate charge transport. Chlorination can tune the energy levels and induce strong aggregation due to its unique features. A non-chlorinated polymer with selenophene, PBT3TSe, shows a highly crystalline structure and a dominant face-on orientation, consequently attaining a high short-circuit current (J(SC)). Chlorinated PBT3TClSe displays synergy between the advantages of chlorination and selenophene to achieve elevated photovoltaic performance, with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) approaching 9.89% in PC71BM-based devices. Interestingly, chlorination has an important influence on morphology of the polymer and polymer blend films, resulting in a severe aggregation and mixed face-on and edge-on orientation in the blend film. But the sufficient intermingling of donor and acceptor and the closer distances between molecules from the introduction of the chlorine and selenophene offset their morphological inferiority to achieve higher solar conversion.



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