Zhou, Yan; Rood, Marcy
Freight trucks are projected to account for nearly 30% of transportation sector energy use in 2050 in the United States. Potentially some of the freight energy use and associated emissions can be reduced by electrified vehicle technologies, smart technologies (e.g. platooning, driverless truck), and possible mode shifts. Several U.S. truck makers, new startups, and independent engine manufacturers made announcements of taking commericialized medium- and heavy-duty trucks into production for these emerging technologies. By analyzing the freight shipment by commodity and freight zones, the study objectives are 1) idenfiy long-haul freight miles that could be electrified without on-route charging infrastructure; and 2) quantify future energy consumption impacts. This paper utilized Argonne’s NEAT and VISION models to estimate the potential energy impacts of electric truck adoption by 2050 in the United States. Analysis results shows that either a Class 7 and 8 electric truck with 500-mile electric range could potentially reduce the petroleum consumption by 1.61 quad in 2050, while the electricity consumption increases by 0.99 quad.