Di, Zichao; Maggioni, Viviana; Mei, Yiwen; Vazquez, Marilyn; Houser, Paul; Emelianenko, Maria
With more satellite and model precipitation data becoming available, new analytical methods are needed that can take advantage of emerging data patterns to make well informed predictions in many hydrological applications. We propose a new strategy where we extract precipitation variability patterns and use correlation map to build the resulting density map that serves as an input to centroidal Voronoi tessellation construction that optimizes placement of precipitation gauges. We provide results of numerical experiments based on the data from the Alto-Adige region in Northern Italy and Oklahoma and compare them against actual gauge locations. This method provides an automated way for choosing new gauge locations and can be generalized to include physical constraints and to tackle other types of resource allocation problems.