Ju, Guangxu; Xu, Dongwei; Thompson, Carol; Highland, Matthew; Eastman, Jeffrey; Walkosz, Weronika; Zapol, Peter; Stephenson, G.
Miscut surfaces of layered crystals can exhibit a stair-like sequence of terraces having periodicvariation in their atomic structure. For hexagonal close-packed and related crystal structures withan stacking sequence, there have been long-standing questions regarding how the differences in adatom attachment kinetics at the steps separating the terraces affect the fractional coverage of vs. termination during crystal growth. To demonstrate how surface X-ray scattering can help address these questions, we develop a general theory for the intensity distributions along crystal truncation rods (CTRs) for miscut surfaces with a combination of two terminations. We consider half-unit-cell-height steps, and variation of the coverages of the terraces above each step. Example calculations are presented for the GaN (0001) surface with various reconstructions. These show which CTR positions are most sensitive to the fractional coverage of the two terminations. We compare the CTR profiles for exactly oriented surfaces to those for vicinal surfaces having a small miscut angle, and investigate the circumstances under which the CTR profile for an exactly oriented surface is equal to the sum of the intensities of the corresponding family of CTRs for a miscut surface.