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Design Options for a Superconducting Ion Linac


Mustapha, B.; Kim, J.-W.; Jang, J.-H.; Jin, H.-C.; Kelly, M. P.; Conway, Z.


Following a review of the design options for a superconducting ion linac, we present an alternative design for the pre-stripper section of the superconducting driver linac for the rare isotope science project (RISP) of the Institute for Basic Science in Korea. The proposed alternative design takes advantage of the recent accelerator developments at Argonne, namely for the recent ATLAS intensity and efficiency upgrade and the Fermilab proton improvement plan project (PIP-II). In particular, the state-of-the-art performance of quarterwave (QWRs) and half-wave resonators (HWRs), the integrated steering correctors and cold beam position monitors (BPMs) for a compact cryomodule design. In order to simplify the design and avoid frequency transitions, we used two types of QWRs at 81.25 MHz while the baseline design has QWRs at 81.25 MHz and HWRs at 162.5 MHz. The new QWR types were optimized for beta similar to 0.05 and similar to 0.11, respectively, and corrected for beam steering effects. Nine cryomodules are required to reach the stripping energy of 18.5 MeV/u for uranium beam. An alternative radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) design was also developed. It is optimized with the multi-harmonic buncher (MHB) to produce a much smaller longitudinal emittance, offering much needed flexibility for beam tuning and more tolerance to errors. Following the lattice design optimization, end-to-end beam dynamics simulations including most important sources of machine error were performed. The results showed that the design is robust and tolerant to errors with no beam loss observed for typical machine errors.



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