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Effects of non-thermal termolecular chemistry on detonation


Desai, Swapnil; Tao, Yujie; Sivaramakrishnan, Raghu; Wu, Yunchao ; Lu, Tianfeng; Chen, Jacqueline


In combustion simulations, it is usually assumed that highly-energized collision complexes(either radical or stable species) formed in exothermic reactions are always under thermalequilibrium as they evolve through competing networks of reactions. However, in practical flames, non-trivial amounts of reactive radicals such as H, O and OH are present apart from O2. As a result, collisions of these reactive species with the energized collision complexes have been shown in recent studies to induce non-thermal reactivity. These studies have also demonstrated that such non-thermal reactions can be suitably represented in macroscopic kinetics models as chemically termolecular reactions. The present work was focused on identifying and quantifying the effects of including such reactions on the evolution of an initial deflagration front to a developing detonation in H2/CH4-air mixtures under boosted internal combustion (IC) engine conditions. Specifically, fully resolved simulations, with and without non-thermal reactivity, were performed for a constant volume reactor containing stoichiometric H2/CH4-air mixture. It was found that inclusion of termolecular chemistry resulted in a delayed onset of end-gas auto-ignition. Concurrently, the developing detonation intensity was observed to be significantly higher. Chemical explosive mode analysis (CEMA) was performed to identify the dominant species/reactions responsible for the observed variation in the results.



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Conference Paper