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Machine learning accelerated turbulence modeling of transient flashing jets


Schmidt, David; Maulik, Romit; Lyras, Konstantinos


Modeling the sudden depressurization of superheated liquids through nozzles is a challenge because the pressure drop causes rapid flash boiling of the liquid. The resulting jet usually demonstrates a wide range of structures, including ligaments and droplets, due to both mechanical and thermodynamic effects. As the simulation comprises increasingly numerous phenomena, the computational cost begins to increase. One way to moderate the additional cost is to use machine learning surrogacy for specific elements of the calculation. This study presents a machine learning-assisted computational fluid dynamics approach for simulating the atomization of flashing liquids accounting for distinct stages, from primary atomization to secondary breakup to small droplets using the Sigma - Y model coupled with the homogeneous relaxation model. Notably, the models for thermodynamic non-equilibrium (HRM) and Sigma - Y are coupled, for the first time, with a deep neural network that simulates the turbulence quantities, which are then used in the prediction of superheated liquid jet atomization. The data-driven component of this method is used for turbulence modeling, avoiding the solution of the two-equation turbulence model typically used for Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes simulations for these problems. Both the accuracy and speed of the hybrid approach are evaluated, demonstrating adequate accuracy and at least 25% faster computational fluid dynamics simulations than the traditional approach. This acceleration suggests that perhaps additional components of the calculation could be replaced for even further benefit. Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing.