Technologies developed by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and partner organizations have won nine 2019 R&D 100 awards. The awards program, sometimes called the “Oscars of Innovation,” honors revolutionary ideas in science and technology and the innovators behind them.
Argonne submitted 12 technologies, eight of which were named as finalists. Argonne scientists contributed to four other entries that were submitted by other DOE laboratories and also named as finalists. The technologies chosen span three out of six possible award categories: Mechanical/Materials, Process/Prototyping, and Software/Services.
“It’s wonderful to see such a strong showing by Argonne and its partners among this year’s R&D 100 Award winners and finalists,” said Ushma Kriplani, interim associate laboratory director, Science and Technology Partnerships and Outreach, at Argonne. “This is a testament to the breadth of science and engineering Argonne does and the impact it makes.”
Argonne scientists have been awarded over 130 R&D 100 Awards since the competition first began in 1964. Past winners also include Fortune 500 companies, other national laboratories, academic institutions and smaller companies.
Argonne awardees were among 100 chosen by an independent panel of more than 40 well-respected industry leaders. Both finalists and winners will be recognized at the 2019 R&D 100 Conference taking place in San Francisco this December.
Winning projects include the following:
Fuel cell catalyst with ultralow Pt loading
Di-Jia Liu, Lina Chong
Argonne researchers have developed a new kind of highly efficient and durable fuel cell catalyst, referred to as LP@PF, that reduces platinum usage in fuel cell cathodes by three to sevenfold. The solution addresses one of the major barriers to boarder adoption of fuel cell technologies — cost. Platinum, which is needed in fuel cell electrodes to catalyze electrochemical reactions, is among the most expensive components of fuel cells. By utilizing lower levels of platinum, this novel cathodic fuel cell catalyst has the potential to drastically reduce costs for fuel cell vehicles and other fuel cell powered devices.
Thermal Energy Storage System (TESS)
Dileep Singh, David France, Wenhua Yu, Mrityunjay Singh (Ohio Aerospace Institute)
A research team led by Argonne materials scientist Dileep Singh has developed a fast, high-efficiency thermal energy storage system (TESS) that rapidly stores heat and releases it on demand. The TESS technology was developed for concentrating solar power plants, but has wide-ranging commercial applications, including waste heat recovery and use, building cooling/heating, and load leveling for power plants. The system, which is tunable to operate over range of temperatures and has a unique modular design, can greatly increase the energy efficiency and cost-effectiveness of many industrial processes.
EverBatt: Argonne’s novel closed-loop battery recycling model
Qiang Dai, Jeff Spangenberger, Shabbir Ahmed, Linda Gaines, Jarod Kelly, Michael Wang
EverBatt is a closed-loop battery life-cycle model that helps address the growing national need for responsibly and sustainably handling the rising number of spent batteries. The model helps stakeholders better understand the cost and environmental impacts of battery recycling and accelerates the development of a more sustainable battery supply chain, which is critical to America’s energy security. In addition to comparing different recycling scenarios, EverBatt identifies cost and environmental hotspots throughout the life cycle of a battery. It also helps to direct and validate battery recycling research and development efforts and overcome potential barriers to process commercialization.
SAM reactor system analysis code
Rui Hu, Guojun Hu, Ling Zou
Argonne researchers have developed SAM code — a modern system analysis tool for analyzing the safety of advanced nuclear reactors. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has chosen SAM as the primary system analysis tool for advanced reactor design basis accident analysis. The code leverages the latest advances in physical modeling, numerical methods and software engineering to analyze entire plants. It is capable of modeling the integrated response of the nuclear fuel, reactor, coolant system, engineered safeguards and operator actions, and possible interactions among these elements.
High-energy density and safe battery system for powering electric vehicles
Khalil Amine, Zonghai Chen, Jun Lu, Ali Abouimrane (formerly with Argonne), Jinbo He (Microvast Inc.), Wenjuan Mattis (Microvast Inc.), Wu Yang, (EXT, Microvast Inc.), Bryan Yonemoto (Microvast Inc.)
Researchers from Argonne and Microvast Inc. have developed a novel high-power battery technology that has a higher energy density, longer life and safer operation than any other state-of-the-art lithium-ion battery on the market. The system is built from four breakthrough technologies and could potentially be used in plug-in hybrid electric vehicle and full electric vehicle markets. Because of its many benefits, the technology has the potential to also enhance the performance of lithium-ion batteries used in cell phones and other smaller-scale applications, as well as in electric grid applications.
Manufacturing process for extracting high-quality cellulose nanocrystals from biomass
Erik Dahl, Kris Pupek, Greg Krumdick, Stuart Rowan (University of Chicago), Jon Griswold (Aloterra Energy)
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs), which come from renewable resources, have many promising applications in materials synthesis, green catalysis, biosensing and more. However, the high cost of producing CNCs at a large scale, and the relatively poor quality of the product, impede commercial development. Argonne, the University of Chicago and Aloterra Energy, LLC solved both of these problems. University of Chicago researchers discovered a way to extract CNCs from the grass pulp and investigated superior properties of the material. The initial process performed on a bench lab scale was not suitable for large-scale manufacturing. Building on the work of the University of Chicago, Argonne scientists invented an optimized process and have scaled it up to an economical manufacturing level. The process, known as Bio2Nano, converts noninvasive, abundant elephant grass into high-quality CNCs by combining the generation of a bleaching agent, bleaching and hydrolysis into a single step.
Unified Communications X (UCX)
Pavan Balaji, Yanfei Guo, Ken Raffenetti, Min Si, Rohit Zambre
Unified Communications X (UCX) is a project aimed at creating a unified open-source framework for datacentric and high-performance computing applications. The project involves collaborators from industry, academic institutions and national laboratories including Argonne, and is managed by the Unified Communication Framework consortium.
Scalable Checkpoint/Restart (SCR) framework
Franck Cappello, Sheng Di, Rinku Gupta, Bogdan Nicolae
Everyday failures occur in high-performance computing that delay computation and analysis. Checkpointing, the process of saving necessary data from a running application from which it can resume in case of a failure, helps to address this problem. Argonne has collaborated with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to develop the SCR (Scalable Checkpoint/Restart) optimized checkpoint/restart library for high-performance applications and workflows. The SCR library not only will increase programmer productivity, but also dramatically reduce checkpoint /restart overhead and provide transparent optimizations for large-scale parallel systems.
Spack: a package manager for HPC systems
Michael Sternberg, Adam Stewart
Large-scale simulations cannot run without hundreds of external software libraries, or packages, but managing these — including different versions and configurations — takes considerable time and effort. To help users, a research team led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have developed Spack, a flexible package manager for high-performance computing (HPC). Spack works on a wide range of HPC platforms and gives users versatility in configuring code. Contributors to the project include Argonne and other government laboratories and institutions, multiple universities and a software company.
Finalists include the following:
Resilicoat: nanocomposite coating for long-life lithium-ion batteries
Anil Mane, Jason Croy, Jeff Elam
Resilicoat is an ultrathin nanocomposite coating that increases the lifetime, energy density, and charge rate of lithium-ion batteries. It is the first hydrofluoric acid-resistant coating suitable for both conventional and next-generation electrode materials, including cobalt- free cathodes in lithium-ion batteries that operate at high voltages. Argonne researchers developed the technology using atomic layer deposition, a scalable coating technology invented at the laboratory. The coating helps protect the surface of electrodes in lithium-ion batteries, enabling high-voltage, high-capacity operation for transportation, consumer electronics and other applications.
Climate Risk and Resilience Analysis (CRRA)
Climate Risk and Resilience Analysis (CRRA) is a climate resiliency project Argonne is working with AT&T to help companies and communities better predict and adapt to the impacts of climate change and extreme weather events. The project uses data analysis and physics-based modeling to provide actionable climate risk analysis that decision makers can use to account for climate change when making resilience investments and decisions about their infrastructure.
HELICS is a flexible and scalable open-source, co-simulation framework that will help decision-makers analyze and understand transmission distribution and communication interdependencies in the power system. This comprehensive simulation tool is fundamental to helping stakeholders make decisions on how to adapt the grid to meet evolving needs. The tool also quantifies the impact of the ever-increasing high-penetration variable generation on power grid reliability and resiliency. Contributors to this project include Argonne and six other national laboratories.
Learn more about the 2019 R&D 100 Conference here.
Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation’s first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America’s scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science.
The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, visit https://energy.gov/science.