The power of an atom is the power to change lives and improve societies, especially in areas of the world that are less economically developed. The applications of nuclear technology go far beyond just electricity generation, and include everything from medicine to agriculture.
To help build a future in which nuclear technology is used safely and responsibly, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has embarked on a program to train high school teachers from Asia and the Pacific in how to develop curricula related to nuclear technology. The larger goal of the IAEA program is to reach a million students worldwide by 2021.
In August, the IAEA held a two-week workshop for 30 educators from 17 countries at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory to learn more about nuclear technology and work collaboratively to discuss how to introduce the topic into their classrooms. Argonne is the only national laboratory to work with the IAEA in helping to educate and inform communities on issues related to nuclear technology and radiation.
“We are encouraged by the strong international interest to take part in this course, will evaluate the impact our training program has on education strategies in participating countries and look forward to providing continued support to this important effort to encourage students to pursue study and careers in the field of nuclear science and technology,” said Argonne’s IAEA Program Manager Sunaree Hamilton.
The course was the second of a series of six intensive courses for high school teachers that will be held around the world, said Dave Grabaskas, an Argonne nuclear engineer who headed the workshop.
The first week of the course focused on explaining the science and detailing the uses of nuclear technology to the educators, while the second week of the course focused on curriculum development and lesson planning.
“There are so many potential applications for nuclear technologies, so we need to make sure that kids all over the world have the ability to pursue careers in these fields, whether it’s using radiation therapies to treat cancer or using gamma rays to kill harmful bacteria on foods,” Grabaskas said.
According to Grabaskas, this effort marked the first time that the IAEA had engaged secondary school teachers. Previously, the agency had only offered educational opportunities for more technical experts; Grabaskas suggested the change in approach could offer long-lasting benefits to many nations.
“One advantage is that this course helps to change a lot of preconceived notions about radiation and its dangers,” Grabaskas said. “Once you get rid of the misconceptions, you can have very sophisticated conversations about nuclear technology that get more people interested in possibly pursuing nuclear-related careers.”
One part of the two-week session involved the teachers coordinating a debate about the merits of nuclear technology, which could then be folded into a lesson plan.
The IAEA selected Argonne as a host site because of the laboratory’s long history of nuclear energy research and training. As part of their stay at the laboratory, the participants got the chance to tour the laboratory’s nuclear research facilities as well as the radiation oncology center at the University of Chicago.
Taken as a whole, the two-week program was designed to give the participants the broadest view of peaceful use of nuclear technology. “We’re more than just teaching the basic physics of fission and fusion,” Grabaskas said. “The whole focus we have is on applications, because that’s really what’s going to be of principal significance once these teachers return to their home countries.”
The IAEA-Argonne training courses have been supported and organized by the IAEA Programs at Argonne through funding from the U.S. Department of State. The IAEA project is number RAS0079 and called “Educating Secondary Students and Science Teachers on Nuclear Science and Technology.”
Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation’s first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America’s scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science.
The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, visit https://energy.gov/science.