Physicist Suresh Narayanan is the 2022 recipient of the Gopal K. Shenoy Excellence in Beamline Science Award. He is a group leader in the X-ray Science Division (XSD) at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory.
The annual award recognizes active beamline scientists at the Advanced Photon Source (APS), a DOE Office of Science user facility, for significant contributions to research or instrumentation and support of the beamline user community. The APS Users Office, which grants the award, renamed it in 2017 in honor of the late Gopal K. Shenoy. Shenoy was an accomplished materials scientist closely involved in the inception of the APS as well as an enthusiastic supporter of scientists who researched there.
“The award is a dream for beamline scientists. It is also a recognition for all the XPCS team members. It has been a collective group effort to keep the technique and the beamline successful.” — Suresh Narayanan, physicist and beamline scientist
A keen, organized presence at beamline 8-ID since 2003, Narayanan has been dedicated to improving and supporting research using coherent small angle X-ray scattering measurements and X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS). The XPCS beamline is used to conduct fundamental research of soft condensed matter problems. For example, scientists can study improving mechanical strength of polymer nanocomposites, phase separation in chemical and biological materials, and nanoscale flow in complex fluids. The research can be applied to energy efficient tires, insight into cartilage mechanics and better understanding of the effect of aging on eye lenses and cataract formation.
Narayanan has played a key role in making beamline 8-ID-I “the premier XPCS beamline in the world,” according to those who nominated Narayanan for this year’s award.
“I feel honored to be chosen for the prestigious Gopal K. Shenoy award,” said Narayanan. “The award is a dream for beamline scientists. It is also a recognition for all the XPCS team members. It has been a collective group effort to keep the technique and the beamline successful.”
In addition to early efforts that increased beamline stability and coherence, and improved optical contrast through design modifications, Narayanan proved adept at finding ways to improve data analysis of measurements taken at the beamline. He worked with colleagues to better incorporate high performance computing tools into research at the beamline and significantly cut the amount of time required to produce correlation functions. The resulting data reduction system provides near real-time measurement data analysis and is so effective that most researchers at the beamline use it.
Those who nominated Narayanan commended him for his extensive support of users before, during and after their time at the beamline. Over the past 15 years, he has provided an average of 75% general user support.
“Via his interaction with young users, Dr. Narayanan is really a teacher of the new generation of XPCS scientists, thereby strongly promoting the user community,” wrote one group of beamline users in their nomination form. They went on to praise the “great work atmosphere” and “pleasant personal experience” so often associated with research conducted at beamline 8-ID.
Narayanan has also made outstanding scientific contributions himself. He has published 153 papers in the fields of physics, physical chemistry and synchrotron science. His impact is especially prevalent in studies of the kinetics and dynamics of soft condensed matter systems, which include complex fluids, polymers, organic-inorganic hybrid materials and polymer thin films.
Narayanan is group leader of APS’s Dynamics and Structure Group, lead scientist for operations at 8-ID and lead scientist for the APS Upgrade project’s XPCS feature beamline. He is managing design and development of the APS Upgrade’s XPCS feature beamline as well as the Coherent Surface Scattering Imaging beamline. He earned his Ph.D. in physics from the Inter University Consortium for Scientific Research in 2000, and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Argonne in 2003.
About the Advanced Photon Source
The U. S. Department of Energy Office of Science’s Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory is one of the world’s most productive X-ray light source facilities. The APS provides high-brightness X-ray beams to a diverse community of researchers in materials science, chemistry, condensed matter physics, the life and environmental sciences, and applied research. These X-rays are ideally suited for explorations of materials and biological structures; elemental distribution; chemical, magnetic, electronic states; and a wide range of technologically important engineering systems from batteries to fuel injector sprays, all of which are the foundations of our nation’s economic, technological, and physical well-being. Each year, more than 5,000 researchers use the APS to produce over 2,000 publications detailing impactful discoveries, and solve more vital biological protein structures than users of any other X-ray light source research facility. APS scientists and engineers innovate technology that is at the heart of advancing accelerator and light-source operations. This includes the insertion devices that produce extreme-brightness X-rays prized by researchers, lenses that focus the X-rays down to a few nanometers, instrumentation that maximizes the way the X-rays interact with samples being studied, and software that gathers and manages the massive quantity of data resulting from discovery research at the APS.
This research used resources of the Advanced Photon Source, a U.S. DOE Office of Science User Facility operated for the DOE Office of Science by Argonne National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation’s first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America’s scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science.
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