Nanoparticles have a strong tendency to form periodic structures. Mixing and matching of two different types of nanoparticles allows the formation of binary nanoparticle superlattices isostructural to ionic or intermetallic compounds. In addition to periodic superlattices, binary mixtures of nearly spherical nanoparticles could lead to the growth of quasicrystals.
Staff in the Nanobio Interfaces Group at Argonne’s Center for Nanoscale Materials, together with colleagues from the University of Chicago and the University of Pennsylvania, have found that two-dimensional dodecagonal quasicrystals can be formed in mixtures of 3 nm Pd and 9 nm PbS, 5 nm Au and 13.4 nm Fe2O3 and 4.7 nm Au and 12.6 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles.
Studies of self-assembly of quasi-crystalline nanoparticle superstructures will provide insight into the formation of the quasi-crystalline phase in atomic systems. The assembly of the dodecagonal quasi-crystalline phase from different nanoparticle combinations shows that quasi-crystalline ordering can be a quite common phenomenon in nanocrystal solids.
Related citation: Quasicrystalline order in self-assembled binary nanoparticle superlattices. D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, M. I. Bodnarchuk, X. Ye, J. Chen, C. B. Murray. Nature 461, 964-967 (15 October 2009)