The Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee prepared a report describing how the vision and sustained investments of DOE’s Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) have produced extraordinary scientific and technological impacts and transformed the scientific landscape.
The report authors conducted a comprehensive review to select stories that convey the breadth and depth of ASCR’s vast impact. Their selections highlight the following important Argonne contributions:
- The pioneering Advanced Computing Research Facility and today’s Argonne Leadership Computing Facility
- Fundamental open-science software — from EISPACK and BLAS to TAO, PETSc, and MPICH
- Globus solutions for international data-intensive and collaborative science
- Mathematical libraries that have had an unprecedented impact on scientific computing
- Computational molecular science code that took advantage of what eventually became the high-performance computers of today
- First interactive supercomputer-in-the-loop CAVE visualization display
- VERIFI (Virtual Engine Research Institute and Fuels Initiative), which developed engine models and software for large-scale computer simulations to better understand engine combustion
- Pioneering computational science fellowships (Wilkinson Fellowship)
- Automatic differentiation and automated reasoning methods that underpin modern AI
The report, just over 100 pages, is a treasure trove of information for scientists and those interested in the history of science and scientific computing. For a broader audience, ASCR also prepared a series of short articles that convey the impacts of its activities (ASCR@40: Highlights and Impacts of ASCR’s Programs) and a user-friendly collection of 11 one-page summaries of key ASCR impacts (ASCR@40: Topical One Pagers).