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Research Highlight | Center for Nanoscale Materials

Nonlinear vibrations achieved in resonators cooled to the quantum ground state

In a Nature Physics paper, scientists demonstrate that mechanical resonators can be made into a nonlinear system with vibrations approaching the quantum ground state.

Scientific Achievement

A new mechanism has been demonstrated to boost vibration nonlinearity by coupling the vibrations of a nanotube resonator to single-electron tunnelling in a quantum dot and cooling to subkelvin temperature.

Significance and Impact

From this discovery may emerge novel qubits for manipulating quantum information, the ability to realize mechanical Schrödinger cat” states with improved quantum sensing of force and mass, and quantum simulators able to emulate the rich physics of electron–phonon coupling.

Research Details

  • The average vibration amplitude at subkelvin temperatures was determined to be 13 times the zero-point motion for a vibrating nanotube in a quantum dot.

DOI: 10.1038/s41567-023-02065-9

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About Argonne’s Center for Nanoscale Materials
The Center for Nanoscale Materials is one of the five DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers, premier national user facilities for interdisciplinary research at the nanoscale supported by the DOE Office of Science. Together the NSRCs comprise a suite of complementary facilities that provide researchers with state-of-the-art capabilities to fabricate, process, characterize and model nanoscale materials, and constitute the largest infrastructure investment of the National Nanotechnology Initiative. The NSRCs are located at DOE’s Argonne, Brookhaven, Lawrence Berkeley, Oak Ridge, Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories. For more information about the DOE NSRCs, please visit https://​sci​ence​.osti​.gov/​U​s​e​r​-​F​a​c​i​l​i​t​i​e​s​/​U​s​e​r​-​F​a​c​i​l​i​t​i​e​s​-​a​t​-​a​-​G​lance.

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