Argonne National Laboratory

David F. Brown

Research Scientist
- Global Security Sciences

David F. Brown has been with Argonne since 1993 and is a principal investigator in projects that include the modeling of chemical and biological agent releases in subways and interior facilities; modeling the release and atmospheric dispersion from chemical accidents; and quantitative risk assessment for hazardous materials transportation.

Brown is the principal developer of several computational models: the CB-EMIS Below Ground Model (BGM) for the modeling of flow and dispersion in subway systems; CASRAM (Chemical Accident Statistical Risk Assessment Model) for the statistical analysis of risk resulting from hazardous material transportation; and FIREPLUME, a Monte Carlo-based dispersion model for the analysis of hazardous material releases from fires and explosions.

In support of model development, Brown has served as lead scientist in several experimental programs related to subway airflow and dispersion, including recent system-wide transport and dispersion experiments in Washington, DC, and Boston.


Awards, Honors & Memberships

  • Argonne Pacesetter Award, 2004

Publications & Patents

  • D.F. Brown, 2011, Review of the RTRA Methodology for Treating Subway System Dispersion (OUO), Report ANL/DIS-10-11, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL
  • D.F. Brown, H.M. Hartmann, W.A. Freeman, and W.D. Haney, 2009, Development of the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances for the “2008 EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDEBOOK”, Report ANL/DIS-09-2, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL
  • D.F. Brown, J. C. Liljegren, M. M. Lunden, D. R. Black, 2009, The 2007/2008 Washington DC Subway Tracer Transport and Dispersion Experiments: Measurements and Analysis, Report ANL/DIS-09-3, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL
  • Imbro, D.R., D.F. Brown, N.J. Gleason, D.R. Black, and M.J. Brown, 2005, Siting Project Report, OUO Report UCRL-TR-209431, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA
  • Policastro, A, D. Brown, S Filer and F. O'Hare, 2002, Guidelines for Managing Suspected Chemical and Biological Agent Incidents in Rail Tunnel Systems (Law Enforcement Sensitive), prepared for Argonne National Laboratory and published by U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration (FTA)
  • Brown, D. F., W. E. Dunn, and A. J. Policastro, 2001, A National Risk Assessment for Selected Materials in Transportation, Report ANL-DIS-01-1, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL.
  • Kakaoka, D. E., S. P. Gordon and D. F. Brown, 2001, Design Considerations for Chemical Detector Systems in Facilities, Report SAND2001-8670, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California.
  • Brown, D.F., A.J. Policastro, W.E. Dunn and D. Maloney, 1996, FIREPLUME Model for Plume Dispersion from Fires: Application to Uranium Hexafluoride Cylinder Fires, Report ANL/EAD/TM-69, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL
  • Brown, D.F., 2008, Subway Biological Release and Siting Considerations, in “Sampling for Biological Agents in the Environment,” Peter Emanual ed. ASM Press.
  • Brown, D.F. and W.E. Dunn, 2007, “Application of a quantitative risk assessment method to emergency response planning”, Computers & Operations Research, Vol 34, Pages 1243-1265.
  • Brown, D. F, W. E. Dunn, A. J. Policastro, S. Hwang and J. O’Steen, 2001, “A Risk Assessment for National Transportation of Selected Hazardous Materials”, Transportation Research Record, Vol. 1763, pp. 114-121.
  • Chang, Y.S., D.F. Brown, and Y.S. Ghim, 1997, “Estimation of Mixing Heights Using the Holzworth Method in Korea”, Journal of Korea Air Pollution Research Association, Vol. 13: pp. 35-46
  • D. F. Brown, 2011, “Application of Source Term and Dispersion Models in Developing Protective Action Distances in the Emergency Response Guidebook”, 91st Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Jan 23-27, 2011, Seattle, WA
  • D. F. Brown, 2010, “Modeling Tools for Assessing Airborne Chemical and Biological Agent Impacts in Underground Transit Systems”,4th National Bio-Threat Conference, Dec 7-9, 2010, New Orleans, LA
  • D. F. Brown and J. C. Liljegren, 2010, “Applied Numerical Modeling of Transport and Dispersion in Subway Systems”, 90th Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Jan 17–21, 2010, Atlanta, GA
  • Brown, D.F., 2005, Chemical and Pathogen Detection and Response for Interior Facilities, SOM Building Science & Design Research Symposium, Nov 18-19, New York, NY
  • Brown, D.F and A.J. Policastro, 2004, “The PROTECT Early Warning Crisis Management System for Subway C/B Defense”, 1st International Symposium on Tunnel Safety & Security, Nov 16-17, Greenbelt, MD
  • Brown, D.F, 2004, “Statistical Risk Assessment Methods for Developing Protective Action Distances in the 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook”, CORS/INFORMS Joint International Meeting, May 16-19, Banff, Alberta, Canada
  • Brown, D.F and A.J. Policastro, 2003, “Sensor Driven Transport Modeling for Subway Systems (OUO)”, Technical Cooperation Program Workshop on Sensor Fusion/Data Integration for CBR Defense, Sep 15-17, Dugway Proving Ground, Salt Lake City UT
  • Brown, D.F, A.J. Policastro, W.E. Dunn and S. Tschopp, 2000, “Measurements of Flow and Dispersion in a Subway Station, The 4th Annual George Mason University Transport and Dispersion Modeling Workshop, Fairfax, VA
  • Brown, D. F, M. Lazaro, W. E. Dunn, and A. J. Policastro, 1999, “The FIREPLUME and SMOKE Models: tools for Eventual Applications to Wildland Fires and Prescribed Burns”, Proceedings from the Joint Fire Science Conference and Workshop Volume 2, Boise, ID, pp. 64-76.