Argonne National Laboratory

Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates

Figure 1. Monthly New PEV Sales by Model

Figure 1. Monthly New PEV Sales by Model

Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.

Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-5. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 4 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 5 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.

Latest Monthly Sales Data

During September 2017, 37,319 HEVs (25,802 cars and 11,517 LTs) were sold, up 19.3% over the sales in September 2016. Toyota accounted for 50.1% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 19.8% (7,387 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 40.8% from September 2016. The September 2017 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.45%, while September 2017 HEV cars captured 4.79% share of total car sales.

Total 21,140 plug-in vehicles (13,421 BEVs and 7,719 PHEVs) were sold during September 2017, up 31.6% over the sales in September 2016. PEVs captured 3.06% of total car sales and 0.47% light truck sales in this month.

PHEV sales included 1,899 Prius Prime, 1,453 Chevrolet Volt, 763 Ford Fusion Energi, 683 Ford C-Max Energi, 511 BMW 530e (5-Series Plug-in), 450 Chrysler Pacifica Plug-in, 333 Volvo XC90 Plug in, 333 BMW X5, 329 BMW 3-Series Plug-in, 228 Kia Optima Plug-in, 175 Hyundai Sonata Plug-in, 126 Mercedes C350 We, 124 Porsche Cayenne S E-hybrid, 85 Audi A3 Plug In, 80 Mini Countryman S E, 43 BMW 7-Series Plug-in, 35 Mercedes S550 Plug-in, 27 BMW i8, 27 Cadillac CT6, 14 Mercedes GLE 550e, 1 Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, 0 Honda Accord, and 0 Cadillac ELR.

BEV sales included 4,500 Tesla Model S, 3,400 Tesla Model X, 2,632 Chevy Bolt, 1,055 Nissan LEAF, 538 BMW i3, 305 Fiat 500E, 255 Kia Soul EV, 187 Volkswagen e-Golf, 131 Ford Focus, 123 Smart ED, 120 Tesla Model 3, 87 Mercedes B-Class, 52 Honda Clarity, 36 Hyundai Ioniq, 0 Mitsubishi I EV, 0 BMW Active E, 0 Honda Fit EV, 0 Toyota RAV4 EV, and 0 Chevy Spark.

FCEV sales include 184 Toyota Mirai, 14 Honda Clarity, and 3 Hyundai Tucson sold in September 2017.

Data Sources

Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.