An Evaluation of the Potential for Shifting of Freight from Truck to Rail and Its Impacts on Energy Use and GHG Emissions
|Title||An Evaluation of the Potential for Shifting of Freight from Truck to Rail and Its Impacts on Energy Use and GHG Emissions|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Zhou, Y, Vyas, A, Guo, Z|
|Institution||Argonne National Laboratory|
|City||Lemont, IL USA|
One option to reduce energy consumption and the resulting GHG emissions from heavy trucks is to shift freight from trucks to a more energy-efficient mode, like rail. Domestic marine, consisting of transport on the Great Lakes, inland waterways, and coastal waterways, is also energy-efficient. However, its infrastructure is limited. In addition, various industries have adopted just-in-time delivery strategies that can be best served by trucks and to some extent by rail.
This report summarizes our evaluation of the potential energy-use and GHG-emissions reduction achieved by shifting freight from truck to rail under a most-likely scenario. A sensitivity analysis is also included. The sensitivity analysis shows changes in energy use and GHG emissions when key parameters are varied. The major contribution and distinction from previous studies is that this study considers the rail level of service (LOS) and commodity movements at the origin-destination (O-D) level. In addition, this study considers the fragility and time sensitivity of each commodity type.