Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.
Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-4. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows annual PEV sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 2011. Figure 4 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.
Latest Monthly Sales Data
Hybridcars.com no longer provides estimates of monthly HEV sales by model. Since we have not yet identified another websites which provides similar information, we must defer estimating monthly HEV sales by model for the time being. Once we obtain annual HEV sales data (in the beginning of 2019) we will estimate HEV sales by model for each month in 2018.
Plug-In Vehicle Sales
Total 44,148 plug-in vehicles (30,019 BEVs and 14,129 PHEVs) were sold during November 2018 in the United States, up 162.1% over the sales in November 2017. PEVs captured 3.17% of total LDV sales in this month.
PHEV sales included 3,930 Chevrolet Volt, 2,312 Toyota Prius Prime, 1,857 Honda Clarity Plug-In, 1,131 Ford Fusion Energi, 1,012 BMW 5-Series Plug-In, 895 Chrysler Pacifica, 619 Kia Niro Plug-In, 376 Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-In, 373 BMW 3-Series Plug in, 225 Volvo XC60 Plug-In, 213 BMW X5, 200 Porshe Panamera S E-Hybrid, 180 Audi A3 Plug-In, 136 Hyundai Ioniq Plug-In, 133 BMW i8, 130 Volvo XC90 Plug in, 80 Mercedes C350We Plug-In Hybrid, 79 Kia Optima Plug in, 74 Mini Countryman Plug In, 40 Volvo S90 Plug In, 35 Mercedes GLE 550e Hybrid, 35 Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid, 24 Mercedes GLC 350e Hybrid, 18 BMW 7-Series Plug in, 13 Cadillac CT6, 5 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, 4 Mercedes S550e Plug In, 0 Ford C-Max Energi, and 0 Cadillac ELR.
BEV sales included 18,650 Tesla Model 3, 3,200 Tesla Model X, 3,025 Chevrolet Bolt EV, 2,750 Tesla Model S, 1,128 Nissan Leaf, 490 BMW i3, 230 Volkswagen e-Golf, 165 Jaguar I-Pace, 148 Fiat 500e, 100 Smart ED, 61 Kia Soul EV, 37 Honda Clarity BEV, 34 Hyundai Ioniq EV, 1 Ford Focus EV, 0 Mercedes B-Class Electric, and 0 Chevrolet Spark.
Cumulatively, 308,308 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold in 2018. In total, 1,064,651 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold since 2010.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Sales
There were 119 Toyota Mirai, 49 Honda Clarity, and 0 Hyundai Tucson sold in the United States in November 2018.
Cumulatively, 2,420 FCEVs have been sold in 2018. In total, 5,966 FCEVs have been sold since 2014.
Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, InsideEVs and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.