Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.
Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-4. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows annual PEV sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 2011. Figure 4 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.
Latest Monthly Sales Data
During August 2019, 43,462 HEVs (24,778 cars and 18,684 LTs) were sold in the United States, up 21.18% over the sales in August 2018.
Toyota accounted for 71.52% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 13.0% (5,662 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 6.3% from August 2018.
The August 2019 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.64%, while August 2019 HEV cars captured 5.71% share of total car sales.
Plug-In Vehicle Sales
Total 28,370 plug-in vehicles (21,239 BEVs and 7,131 PHEVs) were sold during August 2019 in the United States, down 21.9% over the sales in August 2018. PEVs captured 1.72% of total LDV sales in this month.
PHEV sales included 2,500 Prius PHEV, 840 Honda Clarity Plug In, 750 Ford Fusion Energi, 470 Kia Niro Plug In, 395 Chrysler Pacifica Plug-in, 279 Chevy Volt, 277 Mitsubishi Outlander Plug In, 269 Hyundai Ioniq Plug-In, 230 Mercedes GLC 350e Hybrid, 190 Mercedes C350We, 186 BMW 530e (5-Series Plug-in), 184 Volvo XC60 Plug In, 158 Volvo-XC90 Plug In, 105 Mercedes GLE 550e, 90 BMW i8, 63 Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, 50 Kia Optima Plug-in, 33 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, 24 Mercedes S550 Plug, 20 MINI Countryman S E, 6 BMW 3-series Plug-In, 6 Volvo S90 Plug In, 3 Cadillac CT6, 2 BMW X5, and 1 BMW 7-series Plug-in.
BEV sales included 13,150 Tesla Model 3, 1,825 Tesla Model X, 1,612 Chevy Bolt, 1,117 Nissan LEAF, 1,050 Tesla Model S, 689 VW e-Golf, 593 Audi e-tron, 385 BMW i3, 235 Kia Niro EV, 160 Jaguar I-Pace, 128 Hyundai Kona Electric, 75 Hyundai Ioniq BEV, 74 Smart ED, 65 Honda Clarity BEV, 45 Fiat 500E, 35 Kia Soul EV, and 1 Mercedes B-Class.
Cumulatively, 204,544 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 1,322,332 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold since 2010.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Sales
There were 98 Toyota Mirai, 34 Hyundai Nexo, and 9 Honda Clarity, sold in the United States in August 2019.
Cumulatively, 1,384 FCEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 7,628 FCEVs have been sold since 2014.
Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, InsideEVs and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.