Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.
Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-4. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows annual PEV sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 2011. Figure 4 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.
Latest Monthly Sales Data
During July 2019, 36,512 HEVs (22,056 cars and 14,456 LTs) were sold in the United States, up 22.03% over the sales in July 2018.
Toyota accounted for 66.85% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 11.6% (4,251 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 19.5% from July 2018.
The July 2019 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.62%, while July 2019 HEV cars captured 5.83% share of total car sales.
Plug-In Vehicle Sales
Total 26,395 plug-in vehicles (19,658 BEVs and 6,737 PHEVs) were sold during July 2019 in the United States, down 10.8% over the sales in July 2018. PEVs captured 1.90% of total LDV sales in this month.
PHEV sales included 1,875 Prius PHEV, 800 Honda Clarity Plug In, 720 Ford Fusion Energi, 444 BMW 530e (5-Series Plug-in), 385 Chrysler Pacifica Plug-in, 325 Kia Niro Plug In, 265 Mercedes GLC 350e Hybrid, 250 Chevy Volt, 230 Mercedes C350We, 213 Mitsubishi Outlander Plug In, 170 Mercedes GLE 550e, 165 Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, 140 Volvo XC60 Plug In, 115 Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid, 110 Volvo-XC90 Plug In, 105 Hyundai Ioniq Plug-In, 101 BMW i8, 95 Porsche Cayenne S E-hybrid, 50 Mercedes S550 Plug, 45 Volvo S90 Plug In, 40 MINI Countryman S E, 35 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, 35 Kia Optima Plug-in, 16 BMW 3-series Plug-In, 4 BMW X5, 2 BMW 7-series Plug-in, and 2 Cadillac CT6.
BEV sales included 13,450 Tesla Model 3, 1,225 Tesla Model X, 985 Chevy Bolt, 975 Tesla Model S, 938 Nissan LEAF, 678 Audi e-tron, 460 VW e-Golf, 304 BMW i3, 213 Jaguar I-Pace, 150 Hyundai Kona Electric, 80 Kia Niro EV, 56 Smart ED, 55 Hyundai Ioniq BEV, 47 Honda Clarity BEV, 40 Fiat 500E, 1 Mercedes B-Class, and 1 Kia Soul EV.
Cumulatively, 175,099 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 1,292,887 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold since 2010.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Sales
There were 126 Toyota Mirai, 21 Hyundai Nexo, and 5 Honda Clarity, sold in the United States in July 2019.
Cumulatively, 1,243 FCEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 7,487 FCEVs have been sold since 2014.
Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, InsideEVs and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.