Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.
Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-4. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows annual PEV sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 2011. Figure 4 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.
Latest Monthly Sales Data
During September 2019, 30,320 HEVs (17,933 cars and 12,387 LTs) were sold in the United States, down 11.01% from the sales in September 2018.
Toyota accounted for 71.74% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 13.0% (5,662 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 10.1% from September 2018.
The September 2019 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.39%, while September 2019 HEV cars captured 5.29% share of total car sales.
Plug-In Vehicle Sales
Total 33,133 plug-in vehicles (27,207 BEVs and 5,926 PHEVs) were sold during September 2019 in the United States, down 25.6% from the sales in September 2018. PEVs captured 2.61% of total LDV sales in this month.
PHEV sales included 1,650 Prius PHEV, 400 Honda Clarity Plug-In, 700 Ford Fusion Energi, 375 Kia Niro Plug-In, 415 Chrysler Pacifica Plug-in, 350 Chevy Volt, 176 Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-In, 135 Hyundai Ioniq Plug-In, 230 Mercedes GLC 350e Hybrid, 130 Mercedes C350We, 310 BMW 530e (5-Series Plug-in), 180 Volvo XC60 Plug-In, 175 Volvo-XC90 Plug-In, 65 Mercedes GLE 550e, 68 BMW i8, 175 Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, 50 Kia Optima Plug-in, 45 Hyundai Sonata Plug-In, 16 Mercedes S550 Plug, 30 MINI Countryman S E, 2 BMW 3-series Plug-In, 60 Volvo S90 Plug-In, 3 Cadillac CT6, 1 BMW X5, and 5 BMW 7-series Plug-in.
BEV sales included 19,100 Tesla Model 3, 1,675 Tesla Model X, 2,125 Chevy Bolt, 1,048 Nissan LEAF, 1,100 Tesla Model S, 554 VW e-Golf, 434 Audi e-tron, 467 BMW i3, 90 Kia Niro EV, 160 Jaguar I-Pace, 190 Hyundai Kona Electric, 70 Hyundai Ioniq BEV, 54 Smart ED, 35 Honda Clarity BEV, 40 Fiat 500E, 65 Kia Soul EV, and 0 Mercedes B-Class.
Cumulatively, 237,777 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 1,355,565 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold since 2010.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Sales
There were 62 Toyota Mirai, 23 Hyundai Nexo, and 113 Honda Clarity, sold in the United States in September 2019.
Cumulatively, 1,582 FCEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 7,826 FCEVs have been sold since 2014.
Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, InsideEVs and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.