Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.
Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-5. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 4 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 5 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.
Latest Monthly Sales Data
(HEV sales is not updated this month because we haven’t received July sales)
During June 2018, 31,123 HEVs (22,692 cars and 8,431 LTs) were sold in the United States, up 3.5% over the sales in June 2017.
Toyota accounted for 52.6% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 18.0% (5,607 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 21.2% from June 2017.
The June 2018 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.01%, while June 2018 HEV cars captured 4.69% share of total car sales.
Plug-In Vehicle Sales
Total 29,514 plug-in vehicles (20,235 BEVs and 9,279 PHEVs) were sold during July 2018 in the United States, up 94.1% over the sales in July 2017. PEVs captured 2.16% of total LDV sales in this month.
PHEV sales included 1,984 Toyota Prius Prime, 1,475 Chevrolet Volt, 1,440 Honda Clarity Plug-In, 536 BMW 5-Series Plug-In, 522 Ford Fusion Energi, 450 Chrysler Pacifica, 431 BMW X5, 350 Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-In, 225 Kia Niro Plug-In, 220 Audi A3 Plug-In, 210 Mini Countryman Plug In, 195 Porshe Panamera S E-Hybrid, 185 Volvo XC60 Plug-In, 180 Hyundai Ioniq Plug-In, 165 Mercedes C350We Plug-In Hybrid, 115 Volvo XC90 Plug in, 106 BMW 3-Series Plug in, 90 Kia Optima Plug in, 85 Mercedes GLE 550e Hybrid, 72 BMW i8, 60 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, 60 Mercedes GLC 350e Hybrid, 40 BMW 7-Series Plug in, 30 Volvo S90 Plug In, 26 Cadillac CT6, 15 Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid, 8 Mercedes S550 Plug In, 4 Ford C-Max Energi, and 0 Cadillac ELR.
BEV sales included 14,250 Tesla Model 3, 1,325 Tesla Model X, 1,200 Tesla Model S, 1,175 Chevrolet Bolt EV, 1,149 Nissan Leaf, 464 BMW i3, 220 Fiat 500e, 130 Kia Soul EV, 120 Honda Clarity BEV, 103 Smart ED, 46 Ford Focus EV, 35 Hyundai Ioniq EV, 18 Volkswagen e-Golf, 0 Chevrolet Spark, 0 Mercedes B-Class Electric, and 0 Mitsubishi i.
Cumulatively, 149,097 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold in 2018. In total, 905,588 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold since 2010.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Sales
There were 155 Toyota Mirai, 55 Honda Clarity, and 0 Hyundai Tucson sold in the United States in July 2018.
Cumulatively, 1,605 FCEVs have been sold in 2018. In total, 5,151 FCEVs have been sold since 2014.
Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.