Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.
Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-4. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows annual PEV sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 2011. Figure 4 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.
Latest Monthly Sales Data
Plug-In Vehicle Sales
Total 17,040 plug-in vehicles (10,864 BEVs and 6,176 PHEVs) were sold during January 2019 in the United States, up 41.9% over the sales in January 2018. PEVs captured 1.49% of total LDV sales in this month.
PHEV sales included 1,192 Honda Clarity Plug-In, 1,123 Toyota Prius Prime, 675 Chevrolet Volt, 557 Ford Fusion Energi, 436 Chrysler Pacifica, 376 BMW 5-Series Plug-In, 279 Kia Niro Plug-In, 216 BMW 3-Series Plug in, 175 Audi A3 Plug-In, 150 Porsche Panamera E-Hybrid, 140 Mercedes C350We Plug-In Hybrid, 133 Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-In, 95 Volvo XC90 Plug in, 92 Mercedes GLE 550e Hybrid, 90 Volvo XC60 Plug-In, 74 Mercedes GLC 350e Hybrid, 73 Hyundai Ioniq Plug-In, 71 BMW X5, 65 Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid, 50 Mini Countryman Plug In, 35 Volvo S90 Plug In, 30 Kia Optima Plug in, 23 BMW i8, 8 Cadillac CT6, 8 Mercedes S550e Plug In, 6 BMW 7-Series Plug in, 4 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, and 0 Ford C-Max Energi.
BEV sales included 6,500 Tesla Model 3, 950 Tesla Model X, 925 Chevrolet Bolt EV, 875 Tesla Model S, 717 Nissan Leaf, 255 BMW i3, 210 Jaguar I-Pace, 164 Volkswagen e-Golf, 83 Smart ED, 78 Honda Clarity BEV, 72 Fiat 500e, 34 Hyundai Ioniq EV, 1 Mercedes B-Class Electric, 0 Ford Focus EV, 0 Kia Soul EV, and 0 Chevrolet Spark.
Cumulatively, 17,040 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 1,134,828 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold since 2010.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Sales
There were 213 Toyota Mirai, 1 Honda Clarity, 1 Hyundai Nexo, and 0 Hyundai Tucson sold in the United States in January 2019.
Hyundai Nexo was introduced to the market in early 2019 with 1 unit sold in January.
Cumulatively, 215 FCEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 6,459 FCEVs have been sold since 2014.
Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, InsideEVs and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.