Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.
Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-4. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows annual PEV sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 2011. Figure 4 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.
Latest Monthly Sales Data
During May 2019, 44,841 HEVs (29,765 cars and 15,076 LTs) were sold in the United States, up 14.1% over the sales in May 2018.
Toyota accounted for 59.2% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 10.2% (4,576 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 20.4% from May 2018.
The May 2019 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.82%, while May 2019 HEV cars captured 6.57 % share of total car sales.
Plug-In Vehicle Sales
Total 28,386 plug-in vehicles (21,248 BEVs and 7,138PHEVs) were sold during May 2019 in the United States, up 16.8% over the sales in May 2018. PEVs captured 1.79% of total LDV sales in this month.
PHEV sales included 1914 Prius PHEV, 816 Honda Clarity Plug In, 727 BMW 530e (5-Series Plug-in), 605 Ford Fusion Energi, 408 Chevy Volt, 390 Chrysler Pacifica Plug-in, 329 Kia Niro Plug In, 275 Mercedes GLC 350e Hybrid, 232 Mitsubishi Outlander Plug In, 225 Mercedes C350We, 185 Mercedes GLE 550e, 170 Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, 145 BMW i8, 120 Volvo-XC90 Plug In, 105 Porsche Cayenne S E-hybrid, 95 Volvo XC60 Plug In, 85 MINI Countryman S E, 65 Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid, 63 Hyundai Ioniq Plug-In, 51 Mercedes S550 Plug, 50 Volvo S90 Plug In, 40 Hyundai Sonata Plug In, 27 BMW 3-series Plug-In, 12 BMW 7-series Plug-in, 4 BMW X5, and 0 Ford C-Max Energi.
BEV sales included 13950 Tesla Model 3, 1396 Chevy Bolt, 1375 Tesla Model X, 1216 Nissan LEAF, 1025 Tesla Model S, 856 Audi e-tron, 439 BMW i3, 264 VW e-Golf, 228 Jaguar I-Pace, 119 Kia Niro EV, 91 Hyundai Kona Electric, 85 Smart ED, 82 Honda Clarity BEV, 61 Hyundai Ioniq BEV, 60 Fiat 500E, 1 Kia Soul EV, 0 Mitsubishi I EV, 0 BMW Active E, and 0 Ford Focus EV.
Cumulatively, 110,886 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 1,228,674 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold since 2010.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Sales
There were 248 Toyota Mirai, 19 Hyundai Nexo, and 8 Honda Clarity, sold in the United States in May 2019.
Cumulatively, 894 FCEVs have been sold in 2019. In total, 7,138 FCEVs have been sold since 2014.
Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, InsideEVs and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.