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Reference | Factsheet | Energy Systems and Infrastructure Analysis Division

Closing the Lithium-ion Battery Life Cycle

Electric drive vehicle sales are growing worldwide. The key component in these vehicles is the lithium-ion (LI-ion) battery. While it is possible to extend the life of Li-ion batteries in applications such as grid storage, eventually they reach their end-of-life. This fact sheet discusses the life-cycle issues associated with Li-ion battery recycling.