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Colloquium | Nanoscience and Technology

Mixed-Dimensional Heterostructures for Electronic and Energy Technologies

NST Colloquium

Abstract: Layered two-dimensional (2D) materials interact primarily via van der Waals bonding, which has created new opportunities for heterostructures that are not constrained by epitaxial lattice matching requirements. However, since any passivated, dangling bond-free surface interacts with another via non-covalent forces, van der Waals heterostructures are not limited to 2D materials alone.

In particular, 2D materials can be integrated with a diverse range of other materials, including those of different dimensionality, to form mixed-dimensional van der Waals heterostructures. Furthermore, chemical functionalization provides additional opportunities for tailoring the properties of 2D materials and the degree of coupling across heterointerfaces. In this manner, a variety of optoelectronic and energy applications can be enhanced including photodetectors, optical emitters, supercapacitors, and batteries. Furthermore, mixed-dimensional heterostructures enable unprecedented electronic device function to be realized including anti-ambipolar transistors, gate-tunable Gaussian heterojunction transistors, and neuromorphic memtransistors.

In addition to technological implications for electronic and energy technologies, this talk will explore several fundamental issues including band alignment, doping, trap states, and charge/energy transfer across van der Waals heterointerfaces.