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Seminar | Nanoscience and Technology Division

Solid-State Quantum Emitters for Quantum Communication and Metrology Applications

NST Seminar

Abstract: In this seminar, I will briefly touch upon three different quantum platforms and materials systems that each in its own way exemplifies different aspects of the overarching theme of my research work thus far: quantum control of solid-state quantum emitters.

In the first half of my talk, I will discuss a series of cryogenic experiments performed on single spins at high magnetic fields in III-V quantum dots. At the single-qubit level, using ultrafast optical pulses, we demonstrated full optical control of both single-electron and hole spin qubits, and we identified the dominant dephasing mechanisms in each case. We then moved on to two-qubit operation, where we demonstrated, through a novel, ultrafast nonlinear measurement technique, the highest to date solid-state spin-photon entanglement fidelity, as confirmed by full-state tomography. I will then briefly analyze the fundamental limitations of this materials system in terms of scalability and potential solutions thereof.

One such solution we recently explored involves the creation of a fully novel type of quantum device, combining the advantages of an electrostatically controlled quantum dot with the versatile optical access provided by optical quantum dots. For this, we harness the strong optical response and tight excitonic binding energy of monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs). I will show new results demonstrating both the observation of Coulomb blockade in quantum dot transport devices, as well as electrostatic control of the optical emission of rudimentary nanowire quantum dots.

Time permitting, I will also briefly discuss molecular defects in wide-bandgap semiconductors, particularly the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond. In a first series of experiments, we used a scanning-NV magnetometer with a scanning magnetic gradient to map out, with subnanometer and single-spin resolution, the magnetic and spin environment of shallow NV centers. Such shallow NVs are commonly used for high-resolution magnetometry experiments. We observed a pronounced and dominant spin noise contribution that could be attributed to spin-1/2 defects at the diamond surface. We then developed and studied in detail a novel oxygenation procedure that reduced the surface spin noise by over an order of magnitude, allowing for the observation of the NMR signal of a single, denatured ubiquitin protein.

Bio: Kristiaan De Greve is a research associate and postdoctoral fellow in the physics department at Harvard University. His current work involves theoretical applications of NISQ quantum networks, experimental studies of quantum effects in two-dimensional semiconductors, and quantum control of molecular defects near noisy solid-state surfaces. Kristiaan obtained his Ph.D. in electrical engineering at Stanford University.