Molecular mechanism for and demonstration that multivalent ions diminish the lubricity of polyelectrolyte brushes.
Significance and Impact
Polyelectrolyte brushes arise in varied biological and industrial contexts, including the surfaces of articular cartilage, interfaces between mineralized collagen, anti-fouling surfaces, and medical prostheses. The impact of trace concentrations of multivalent ions on brush structure is critical to designing their robust function in diverse environments.
- Surface Forces Apparatus measurements of the friction of opposing polyelectrolyte brushes in the presence of monovalent, divalent, and trivalent ions.
- Brushes in monovalent salt show high lubricity, whereas those in multivalent ions show dramatically decreased lubricity.
- Molecular dynamics simulations identify two molecular mechanisms for decreased lubricity: (I) multivalent ion chain-bridging events and (II) heterogeneous brush collapse leading to increased surface roughness.
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