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Convergence of Sum-Up Rounding Schemes for Cloaking Problems governed by the Helmholtz equations


Leyffer, Sven; Manns, Paul; Winckler, Malte


We consider the problem of designing a cloak for waves described by the Helmholtz equation from an integer programming point of view. The problem can be modeled as a PDE-constrained optimization problem with integer-valued control inputs that are distributed in the computational domain. A first-discretize-then-optimize approach results in a large-scale mixed-integer nonlinear program that is in general intractable because of the large number of integer variables that arise from the discretization of the domain. Instead, we propose an efficient algorithm that is able to approximate the local infima of the underlying nonconvex infinite-dimensional problem arbitrarily close without the need to solve the discretized finite-dimensional integer programs to optimality. We optimize only the continuous relaxations of the approximations for local minima and then apply the sum-up rounding methodology to obtain integer-valued controls. If the solutions of the discretized continuous relaxations converge to a local minimizer of the continuous relaxation, then the resulting discrete-valued control sequence converges weakly* in L-infinity to the same local minimizer. These approximation properties follow under suitable refinements of the involved discretization grids. Our results use familiar concepts arising from the analytical properties of the underlying PDE and complement previous results, derived from a topology optimization point of view.