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Energy Systems and Infrastructure Analysis

Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates

Monthly sales data for electric vehicles

As of November 2019, Argonne no longer reports the number of E-drive vehicles sold by make and model.

Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and BEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and BEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.

Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and BEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technology Program Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-5. Figure 1 shows monthly new BEV and PHEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows annual PEV sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 2011. Figure 4 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.

Latest Monthly Sales Data

HEV Sales

In June 2024, 133,533 HEVs (40,726 cars and 92,807 LTs) were sold in the United States, up 32.5% from the sales in June 2023.

Toyota accounted for a 51.1% share of total HEV sales this month.

Plug-In Vehicle Sales

A total of 120,314 plug-in vehicles (96,666 BEVs and 23,648 PHEVs) were sold during June 2024 in the United States, down 3.8% from the sales in June 2023. PEVs captured 9.10% of total LDV sales this month.

Cumulatively, 716,834 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold in 2024. In total, 5,439,744 PHEVs and BEVs have been sold since 2010.

Highlights:
  • Over 1.4M plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) were sold in 2023, an increase of over 50% from 2022 sales. BEVs account for 80% of the PEV sales.
  • PEVs reached 9.1% of monthly sales in June 2024 and were 9.3% of all passenger vehicle sales in 2023, up from 6.8% in 2022.
  • Cumulatively, over 5.4 million plug-in electric vehicles have been sold in the United States (as of the end of June 2024).

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Sales

There were 20 Toyota Mirai and 7 Hyundai Nexo sold in the United States in June 2024.

Cumulatively, 322 FCEVs have been sold in 2024. In total, 18,289 FCEVs have been sold since 2014.

Electric Vehicle Energy Storage Capacity

According to Argonne’s analysis of publicly announced lithium-ion battery cell factories in North America, as of January 2024, manufacturers in the United States could supply around 10 million new light duty plug-in electric vehicles each year by 2030, assuming an average pack size of 80-100 kWh.

Data Sources

Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress and collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, InsideEVs and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.

Starting from October 2019, Argonne used Wards Auto as the reference for the monthly E-drive sales.

Featured Reports

D. Gohlke, Y. Zhou, X. Wu, and C. Courtney, ​“Assessment of Light-Duty Plug-in Electric Vehicles in the United States, 2010 – 2021,” Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL USA, ANL-22/71, 2022.

D. Gohlke, X. Wu, J. Kelly, L. Hennes, and Y. Zhou, ​“Regional Variation in Light-Duty Plug-in Electric Vehicle Emissions,” Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL USA, ANL/ESD-22/34, 2022.

Y. Zhou, D. Gohlke, L. Rush, J. Kelly, and Q. Dai, ​“Lithium-Ion Battery Supply Chain for E-Drive Vehicles in the United States: 2010–2020,” Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL USA, ANL/ESD-21/3, 2021.