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JOBS EVSE 2.0 Estimates the Economic Impacts of Installing Electric Charging Stations.

JOBS EVSE 2.0 is designed to allow users to quickly estimate the economic impacts associated with the development, construction, and operation of electric vehicle charging stations, also called electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). The impacts range from job creation to ripple-effect economic activity, such as local spending.

Built on the Excel-based platform common to other Argonne JOBS models, JOBS EVSE 2.0 permits users to estimate economic impacts for individual states, regions, or the United States as a whole. The tool contains default input values, but users can override default data with their own data for more project-specific results. Compared to JOBS EVSE 1.0, release 2.0 permits the user to model installations containing multiple charger types (e.g., Level 2 and DCFC 50kW) in a single run, as well as higher powered chargers.

More details about the tool, including assumptions used in the model, are contained in the spreadsheet. To view a Clean Cities introductory webinar about the tool, go to https://​cleanci​ties​.ener​gy​.gov/​w​e​b​i​n​a​r​s​/​#​28469. A presentation documenting the use of the model may be found here.

Although JOBS EVSE 2.0 focuses on charging stations and the infrastructure immediately upstream from them (the two right-most hexagons in the figure below), it considers the entire energy supply chain—from power plant to charger—in calculating impacts. Note that impacts also include recurring expenditures for electricity, network and data fees, operating and maintenance and administration, as well as potential revenues and access fees.

JOBS EVSE 2.0 was developed with funding from the Vehicle Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy.


Transportation Research Record: Estimating Potential Employment Impact of the Charging Infrastructure used to Support Transportation Electrification in the United States

Increased concern over greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change is encouraging many states, companies, and consumers to focus on zero emission vehicle technologies such as electric vehicles (EVs). A major barrier to widespread EV adoption, however, is range anxiety as there is currently insufficient electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) available. Although not the primary goal primary of EVSE installations, one of their side effects and a goal of President Biden’s infrastructure plans is their impact on employment, both initially as stations are developed and activated and over time and as they continue to provide charging to a growing population of EVs. This study estimates the potential employment effects of the deployment and operation of President Biden’s goal of installing 500,000 charger plugs. To do this, we develop an input-output (IO) based model called JOBS EV. Unlike existing analyses, JOBS EV includes both the employment effects caused by the front-of-meter EVSE equipment needed at a particular site and the back-of-meter or upstream equipment used to obtain power from the existing utility’s distribution network. The model results indicate that approximately 1.1 million new jobs will be created over a 10-year period. The modeling process outlined in this paper, in addition to the results presented, may be useful to stakeholders involved in transportation decarbonization efforts as another means of evaluating the costs and benefits of pursuing electrification. Further work is needed to improve the underlying IO model to better account for nascent industries, to accurately calculate local share percentages, and to capture the employment effects of the complete EVSE life cycle.