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Guiliang Xu

Assistant Chemist


Professional Experience
  • 02/2018-Present              Assistant Chemist, Argonne National Laboratory
  • 08/2014-02/2018             Postdoctoral Appointee, Argonne National Laboratory
  • 09/2009-06/2014               Ph. D.  in Physical Chemistry, Xiamen University, China
  • 09/2005-06/2009               B.S. in Chemistry, Xiamen University, China
Research Interests

My main research interests are focused on both fundamental and applied problems relating to electrochemical energy storage systems and materials, including lithium-ion batteries and beyond. I am aiming to elucidate in-depth mechanistic understanding on the relationship between structures and the performance, and to provide guidance and approaches to design and synthesize new battery materials with higher energy and better safety.

  • Synchrotron X-ray characterization on energy storage materials 
  • Lithium-ion batteries: Development of long life and safe Ni-rich layered cathodes and alloying-based anodes
  • Li/S(Se) batteries: Cathode structure design, interface engineering, and electrolytes exploration, Pouch cells
  • Sodium-ion batteries: Development of long life and safe layered cathodes and phosphorus-based anodes
Selected Publications (Total publication: 90+; Google scholar citations: >4600, H-index 40, # equal contribution, *Corresponding author)
  1. Zhao, C.; Xu, G. L.(*); Yu, Z.; Zhang, L.; Hwang, I.; Mo, Y.-X.; Ren, Y.; Cheng, L.; Sun, C. -J.; Ren, Y.; Zuo, X.; Li, J.-T.; Sun, S.-G.; Amine, K.(*) and Zhao, T.(*). A high-energy and long-cycling lithium-sulfur pouch cell via a macroporous catalytic cathode with double-end binding sites. Nature Nanotechnology, 2020, 16, 166-173.
  2. Xu, G. L. (#); Liu, Q. (#);  Lau, K.; Liu, Y.; Liu, X.; Gao, H.; Zhou, X.; Zhuang, M.; Ren, Y.; Li, J.; Shao, M.; Ouyang, M.; Pan, F.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K.(*); Chen, G.(*), Building ultraconformal protective layers on both secondary and primary particles of layered lithium transition metal oxide cathodes. Nature Energy, 2019, 4, 484-494.
  3. Xu, G. L.; Amine, R.; Xu, Y.-F.; Liu, J.; Gim, J.; Ma, T.; Ren, Y.; Sun, C.; Liu, Y.; Zhang, X., Heald, S.; Solhy, A.; Saadoune, I.; Mattis, W.; Sun, S.; Chen, Z.(*) & Amine, K.(*) Insights into the Structural Effects of Layered Cathode Materials for High Voltage Sodium-ion Batteries. Energy Environ. Sci. 2017, 10, 1677-1693.
  4. Liu, X.(#); Xiao, B.(#); Daali, A.; Zhou, X.; Yu, Z.; Li, X.; Liu, Y.; Yin, L.; Yang, Z.; Zhao, C.; Zhu, L.; Ren, Y.; Cheng, L.; Ahmed, S.; Chen, Z.; Li, X.(*); Xu, G. L. (*); Amine, K. (*) A Stress/interface-compatible Red Phosphorus Anode for High-energy and Durable Sodium-ion Batteries. Acs Energy Lett. 2021, 6, 547-556.
  5. Xiao, B.(#); Wang, Y.(#); Tan, S.; Li, X.; Zhang, Y.; Lin, F.; Han, K. S.; Omenya, F.; Amine, K.; Reed, D.; Hu, Y.; Xu, G. L.(*); Hu, E.(*); Li, X.(*); Li, X(*). Vacancy-enabled O3 phase stabilization for Manganese-rich layered sodium cathodes. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2021, 10.1002/anie.202016334.
  6. Liu, X.; Xu, G. L.(*); Yin, L.; Hwang, I.; Li, Y.; Lu, L.; Xu, W.; Zhang, X.; Chen, Y.; Ren, Y.; Sun, C. -J.; Chen, Z.; Ouyang, M.(*) and Amine, K.(*) Probing the Thermal-Driven Structural and Chemical Degradation of Ni-rich Layered Cathodes by Co/Mn Exchange J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 19745-19753.
  7. Zhao, C.; Xu, G. L.(*); Zhao, T. (*); Amine, K.(*). Beyond Polysulfides Shuttle and Li Dendrite Formation: Addressing the Sluggish S Redox Kinetics for Practical High Energy Li-S batteries. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2020, 59, 17634-17640.
  8. Xiong, B. Q.(#); Zhou, X. W.(#); Xu, G. L.(*); Liu, X.; Hu, Y. C.; Liu, Y.; Zhu, L.; Shi, C. G.; Hong, Y. H.; Wan, S. C.; Sun, C. J.; Chen, S.; Huang, L.; Sun, S. G.; Amine, K (*); Ke, F. S.(*). In situ Construction of an Ultra-robust and Lithiophilic Li-enriched Li-N Nanoshield for High-performance Ge-based Anode Materials. Acs Energy Lett., 2020, 5, 3490-3497.
  9. Xu, G. L.(*); Liu, X.; Daali, A.; Amine, R.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K. (*). Challenges and Strategies to Advance High-energy Nickel-rich Layered Lithium Transition Metal Oxide Cathodes for Harsh Operation. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2020, 2004748.
  10. Paolella, A. (#), Zhu, W. (#); Xu, G. L.(#); Monaca, A. L.; Savoie, S.; Vijih, A.; Demers, H.; Perea, A.; Delaporte, N.; Guerfi, A.; Liu, X.; Ren, Y.;  Sun, C. J.; Lu, J.; Amine, K. and Zaghib, K. Understanding the Reactivity of a Thin Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3 Solid-State Electrolyte toward Metallic Lithium Anode. Adv. Energy Mater., 2020, 2001497.
  11. Amine, R.(#); Liu, J.(#); Acznik, I.; Sheng, T.; Lota, K.; Sun, H.; Sun, C. J.; Fic, K.; Zuo, X.; Ren, Y.; EI-Hady, D. A.; Alshitari, W.; Al-Bogami, A. S.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K. (*) and Xu, G. L. (*). Regulating the Hidden Solvation-Ion-Exchange in  Concentrated Electrolytes for Stable and Safe Lithium Metal Batteries. Adv. Energy Mater. 2020, 2000901.
  12. Amine, R.(#); Daali, A.(#); Zhou, X.(#); Liu, X.; Liu, Y.; Ren, Y.; Zhang, X.; Zhu, L.; Al-Hallaj, S.; Chen, Z.; Xu, G. L.(*) and Amine, K. (*), A practical phosphorus-based anode material for high-energy lithium-ion batteries. Nano Energy, 2020, 74, 104849.
  13. Liu, Z. J.; Daali, A.; Xu, G. L.(*); Zhuang, M. H.; Zuo, X.; Sun, C. J.; Liu, Y.; Cai, Y.; Hossai, M. D.; Liu, H. W.; Amine, K. (*) and Luo, T. (*),  Highly Reversible Sodiation/Desodiation from a Carbon-Sandwiched SnS2 Nanosheet Anode for Sodium Ion Batteries. Nano Lett., 2020, 20, 3844-3851.
  14. Xiong, B. Q.(#); Zhou, X. W.(#); Xu, G. L.(*); Liu, Y.; Zhu, L.; Hu, Y.; Shen, S. Y.; Hong, Y. H.; Wan, S. C.; Liu, X. C.; Liu, X.; Chen, S.; Huang, L.; Sun, S. G.; Amine, K (*); Ke, F. S.(*), Boosting Superior Lithium Storage Performance of Alloy-based Anode Materials via Ultraconformal Sb Coating derived Favorable Solid-electrolyte Interphase. Adv. Energy Mater., 2019, 10, 1903186.
  15. Jiang, Z. L.;  Xu, G. L.(#); Yu, Z.; Zhou, T. H.; Shi, W. K; Luo, C. S.; Zhou, H. J.; Chen, L. B.; Sheng, W. J.; Zhou, M. X.; Cheng, L.; Assary, R. S.; Sun, S. G.; Amine, K.; Sun, H., High rate and long cycle life in Li-O2 batteries with highly efficient catalytic cathode configured with Co3O4 nanoflower. Nano Energy, 2019, 64, 103896.
  16. Xiao, F.; Xu, G. L. (#); Sun, C. J.; Xu, M. J.; Wen, W.; Wang, Q.; Gu, M.; Zhu, S. Q.; Li, Y. Y.; Wei, Z. D.; Pan, X. Q.; Wang, J.; Amine, K.; Shao, M., Nitrogen-coordinated single iron atom catalysts derived from metal organic frameworks for oxygen reduction reaction. Nano Energy,2019, 61, 60-68.
  17. Qin, X.(#); Zhang, L. (#); Xu, G. L.(#); Zhu, S. Q.; Wang, Q.; Gu, M.; Zhang, X.; Sun, C. J.; Balbuena, P.; Amine, K.; Shao, M., The Role of Ru in Improving the Activity of Pd toward Hydrogen Evolution and Oxidation Reactions in Alkaline Solutions. ACS Catalysis, 2019, 9614-9621.
  18. Xu, G. L.; Sun, H.; Luo, C.; Estevez, L.; Zhuang, M. H.; Gao, H.; Amine, R.; Wang, H.; Zhang, X.; Sun, C. J.; Liu, Y. Z.; Ren, Y.; Heald, S.; Wang, C. S.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Solid-State Lithium/Selenium-Sulfur Chemistry Enabled via a Robust Solid-Electrolyte Interphase. Adv. Energy Mater. 2018, 1802235.
  19. Xu, G. L.; Amine, R.; Abouimrane, A.; Che, H.; Dahbi, M.; Ma, Z.-F.; Saadoune, I.; Alami, J.; Mattis, W. L.; Pan, F.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Challenges in Developing Electrodes, Electrolytes, and Diagnostics Tools to Understand and Advance Sodium-Ion Batteries. Adv. Energy Mater. 2018, 1702403.
  20. Zhuang, M. (#); Xu, G. L. (#); Gan, L.Y. (#); Dou, Y.B.; Sun, C.J.; Qu, X.; Xie, Y.; Liu, Z.J.; Cai, Y.T.; Ding, Y.; Abidi, I. A.; Tyagi, A.; Amine, K.; Luo, Z.T., Sub-5 nm Edge-rich 1T’-ReSe2 as Bifunctional Materials for Hydrogen Evolution and Sodium-ion Storage. Nano Energy, 2018, 58, 660-668.
  21. Xie, Y. (#); Xu, G. L. (#); Che, H.; Wang, H.; Yang, K.; Yang, X.; Guo, F.; Ren, Y.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Probing Thermal and Chemical Stability of NaxNi1/3Fe1/3Mn1/3O2 Cathode Material toward Safe Sodium-Ion Batteries. Chem. Mater. 2018, 30, 4909-4918.
  22. Ma, T. Y.(#); Xu, G. L. (#); Li, Y.; Song, B.; Zeng, X. Q.; Su, C. C.; Mattis, W.; Guo, F.; Ren, Y.; Kou, R. H.; Sun, C. J.; Heald, S.; Wang, H. H.; Shahbazian-Yassar, R.; Jorne, J.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Insights into the Performance Degradation of O-type Manganese-rich Layered Oxide Cathodes for High-voltage Sodium-ion Batteries. ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 2018, 1, 5735-5745.
  23. Xu, G. L.; Liu, J.; Amine, R.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Selenium and Selenium-Sulfur Chemistry for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries: Interplay of Cathode Structures, Electrolytes, and Interfaces. ACS Energy Lett. 2017, 2, 605-614.
  24. Xu, G. L.; Xiao, L.; Sheng, T.; Liu, J.; Hu, Y.-X.; Ma, T.; Amine, R.; Xie, Y.; Zhang, X.; Liu, Y., Electrostatic Self-Assembly Enabling Integrated Bulk and Interfacial Sodium Storage in 3D Titania-Graphene Hybrid. Nano Lett. 2017, 18, 336-346.
  25. Xu, G. L.; Sheng, T.; Chong, L.; Ma, T.; Sun, C.; Zuo, X.; Liu, D.-J.; Ren, Y.; Zhang, X.; Liu, Y., Insights into the Distinct Lithiation/Sodiation of Porous Cobalt Oxide by in Operando Synchrotron X-ray Techniques and ab initio Molecular Dynamics Simulations. Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 953-962.
  26. Xu, G. L.; Chen, Z.; Zhong, G. M.; Liu, Y.; Yang, Y.; Ma, T.; Ren, Y.; Zuo, X.; Wu, X. H.; Zhang, X.; Amine, K., Nanostructured Black Phosphorus/Ketjenblack-Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Composite as High Performance Anode Material for Sodium-Ion Batteries. Nano Lett. 2016, 16, 3955-3965
  27. Xu, G. L.; Ma, T.; Sun, C. J.; Luo, C.; Cheng, L.; Ren, Y.; Heald, S. M.; Wang, C.; Curtiss, L.; Wen, J.; Miller, D. J.; Li, T.; Zuo, X.; Petkov, V.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Insight into the Capacity Fading Mechanism of Amorphous Se2S5 Confined in Micro/Mesoporous Carbon Matrix in Ether-Based Electrolytes. Nano Lett. 2016, 16, 2663-2673.
  28. Xu, G. L.; Li, Y.; Ma, T.; Ren, Y.; Wang, H.-H.; Wang, L.; Wen, J.; Miller, D.; Amine, K.; Chen, Z., PEDOT-PSS coated ZnO/C hierarchical porous nanorods as ultralong-life anode material for lithium ion batteries. Nano Energy, 2015, 18, 253-264.
  29. Xu, G. L.; Qin, Y.; Ren, Y.; Cai, L.; Ke, A.; Amine, K.; Chen, Z. H., The migration mechanism of transition metal ions in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4. J. Mater. Chem. A 2015, 3, 13031-13038.
Patents issued and application in Argonne
  • Gui-Liang Xu, Zonghai Chen and Khalil Amine. High performance layered cathode materials for high voltage sodium-ion batteries. US 10,325,730 B2. Date of Patent June 18, 2019.
  • Guiliang Xu, Zonghai Chen and Khalil Amine, Selenium-doped sulfur cathodes for rechargeable batteries. US 10, 601, 077 B2. Date of Patent Mar 24, 2020.
  • Guiliang Xu, Zonghai Chen and Khalil Amine, US. Patent Application, No. 15/006, 456, pending.
  • Guiliang Xu, Zonghai Chen and Khalil Amine, US. Patent Application, No. 15/670, 295, pending.