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Guiliang Xu

Assistant Chemist


Professional Experience
  • 02/2018-Present              Assistant Chemist, Argonne National Laboratory
  • 08/2014-02/2018             Postdoctoral Appointee, Argonne National Laboratory
  • 09/2009-06/2014               Ph. D.  in Physical Chemistry, Xiamen University, China
  • 09/2005-06/2009               B.S. in Chemistry, Xiamen University, China
Research Interests

My main research interests are focused on both fundamental and applied problems relating to electrochemical energy storage systems and materials, including lithium-ion batteries and beyond. I am focusing to develop and apply in operando synchrotron-based X-ray techniques with other spectroscopic tools to obtain in-depth fundamental understanding of the mechanisms governing the relationship between structure and the performance, and to provide guidance and approaches to design and synthesize new materials.

  • Synchrotron X-ray characterization on energy storage materials 
  • Lithium-ion batteries: Development of long life and safe Ni-rich layered cathodes 
  • Li/S(Se) batteries: Cathode structure design, interface engineering, and electrolytes exploration
  • Sodium-ion batteries: Development of long life and safe layered cathodes and phosphorus-based anodes
Selected  Publications (Total Google scholar citations: >3500, H-index 35, # equal contribution, *Corresponding author)
  1. Zhao, C.; Xu, G. L.(*); Zhao, T. (*); Amine, K.(*). Beyond Polysulfides Shuttle and Li Dendrite Formation: Addressing the Sluggish S Redox Kinetics for Practical High Energy Li-S batteries. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2020DOI:10.1002/anie.202007159.

  2. Xu, G. L.(*), Liu, X.; Daali, A.; Amine, R.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K. (*). Challenges and Strategies to Advance High-energy Nickel-rich Layered Lithium Transition Metal Oxide Cathodes for Harsh Operation. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2020, 2004748.

  3. Paolella, A. (#), Zhu, W. (#); Xu, G. L.(#); Monaca, A. L.; Savoie, S.; Vijih, A.; Demers, H.; Perea, A.; Delaporte, N.; Guerfi, A.; Liu, X.; Ren, Y.;  Sun, C. J.; Lu, J.; Amine, K.(*) and Zaghib, K.(*). Understanding the Reactivity of a Thin Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3 Solid‐State Electrolyte toward Metallic Lithium Anode. Adv. Energy Mater., 2020, 2001497.

  4. Amine, R.(#); Liu, J.(#); Acznik, I.; Sheng, T.; Lota, K.; Sun, H.; Sun, C. J.; Fic, K.; Zuo, X.; Ren, Y.; EI-Hady, D. A.; Alshitari, W.; Al-Bogami, A. S.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K. (*) and Xu, G. L. (*). Regulating the Hidden Solvation-Ion-Exchange in  Concentrated Electrolytes for Stable and Safe Lithium Metal Batteries. Adv. Energy Mater., 2020, 2000901.

  5. Amine, R.(#); Daali, A.(#); Zhou, X.(#); Liu, X.; Liu, Y.; Ren, Y.; Zhang, X.; Zhu, L.; Al-Hallaj, S.; Chen, Z.; Xu, G. L.(*) and Amine, K. (*), A practical phosphorus-based anode material for high-energy lithium-ion batteries. Nano Energy, 2020, 74, 104849.

  6. Liu, Z. J.; Daali, A.; Xu, G. L.(*); Zhuang, M. H.; Zuo, X.; Sun, C. J.; Liu, Y.; Cai, Y.; Hossai, M. D.; Liu, H. W.; Amine, K. (*) and Luo, T. (*),  Highly Reversible Sodiation/Desodiation from a Carbon-Sandwiched SnS2 Nanosheet Anode for Sodium Ion Batteries. Nano Lett., 2020, 20, 3844-3851.

  7. Xiong, B. Q.(#); Zhou, X. W.(#); Xu, G. L.(*); Liu, Y.; Zhu, L.; Hu, Y.; Shen, S. Y.; Hong, Y. H.; Wan, S. C.; Liu, X. C.; Liu, X.; Chen, S.; Huang, L.; Sun, S. G.; Amine, K (*); Ke, F. S.(*), Boosting Superior Lithium Storage Performance of Alloy-based Anode Materials via Ultraconformal Sb Coating derived Favorable Solid-electrolyte Interphase. Adv. Energy Mater., 2019, 101903186.

  8. Xu, G. L. (#); Liu, Q. (#);  Lau, K.; Liu, Y.; Liu, X.; Gao, H.; Zhou, X.; Zhuang, M.; Ren, Y.; Li, J.; Shao, M.; Ouyang, M.; Pan, F.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K.; Chen, G., Building ultraconformal protective layers on both secondary and primary particles of layered lithium transition metal oxide cathodes. Nature Energy, 2019, 4, 484-494

  9. Qin, X.(#); Zhang, L. (#); Xu, G. L.(#); Zhu, S. Q.; Wang, Q.; Gu, M.; Zhang, X.; Sun, C. J.; Balbuena, P.; Amine, K.; Shao, M., The Role of Ru in Improving the Activity of Pd toward Hydrogen Evolution and Oxidation Reactions in Alkaline Solutions. ACS Catalysis, 2019, 9614-9621.

  10. Jiang, Z. L. (#); Xu, G. L. (#); Yu, Z.; Zhou, T. H.; Shi, W. K.; Luo, C. S.; Zhou, H. J.; Chen, L. B.; Sheng, W. J.; Zhou, M. X.; Cheng, L.; Assary, R. S.; Sun, S. G.; Amine, K.; Sun, H., High rate and long cycle life in Li-O2 batteries with highly efficient catalytic cathode configured with Co3O4 nanoflower. Nano Energy, 2019, 64, 103896.

  11. Xiao, F. (#); Xu, G. L. (#); Sun, C. J.; Xu, M. J.; Wen, W.; Wang, Q.; Gu, M.; Zhu, S. Q.; Li, Y. Y.; Wei, Z. D.; Pan, X. Q.; Wang, J.; Amine, K.; Shao, M., Nitrogen-coordinated single iron atom catalysts derived from metal organic frameworks for oxygen reduction reaction. Nano Energy, 2019, 61, 60-68.

  12. Zhuang, M. (#); Xu, G. L. (#); Gan, L.Y. (#); Dou, Y.B.; Sun, C.J.; Qu, X.; Xie, Y.; Liu, Z.J.; Cai, Y.T.; Ding, Y.; Abidi, I. A.; Tyagi, A.; Amine, K.; Luo, Z.T., Sub-5 nm Edge-rich 1T’-ReSe2 as Bifunctional Materials for Hydrogen Evolution and Sodium-ion Storage. Nano Energy, 2019, 58, 660-668.

  13. Xu, G. L.; Sun, H.; Luo, C.; Estevez, L.; Zhuang, M. H.; Gao, H.; Amine, R.; Wang, H.; Zhang, X.; Sun, C. J.; Liu, Y. Z.; Ren, Y.; Heald, S.; Wang, C. S.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Solid-State Lithium/Selenium-Sulfur Chemistry Enabled via a Robust Solid-Electrolyte Interphase. Adv. Energy Mater., 2018, 1802235.

  14. Xu, G. L.; Amine, R.; Abouimrane, A.; Che, H.; Dahbi, M.; Ma, Z.-F.; Saadoune, I.; Alami, J.; Mattis, W. L.; Pan, F.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Challenges in Developing Electrodes, Electrolytes, and Diagnostics Tools to Understand and Advance Sodium-Ion Batteries. Adv. Energy Mater., 2018, 1702403.

  15. Ma, T. Y.(#); Xu, G. L. (#); Li, Y.; Song, B.; Zeng, X. Q.; Su, C. C.; Mattis, W.; Guo, F.; Ren, Y.; Kou, R. H.; Sun, C. J.; Heald, S.; Wang, H. H.; Shahbazian-Yassar, R.; Jorne, J.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Insights into the Performance Degradation of O-type Manganese-rich Layered Oxide Cathodes for High-voltage Sodium-ion Batteries. ACS Appl. Energy Mater., 2018, 1, 5735-5745.

  16. Xie, Y. (#); Xu, G. L. (#); Che, H.; Wang, H.; Yang, K.; Yang, X.; Guo, F.; Ren, Y.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Probing Thermal and Chemical Stability of NaxNi1/3Fe1/3Mn1/3O2 Cathode Material toward Safe Sodium-Ion Batteries. Chem. Mater., 2018, 30, 4909-4918.

  17. Xu, G. L.; Xiao, L.; Sheng, T.; Liu, J.; Hu, Y.-X.; Ma, T.; Amine, R.; Xie, Y.; Zhang, X.; Liu, Y., Electrostatic Self-Assembly Enabling Integrated Bulk and Interfacial Sodium Storage in 3D Titania-Graphene Hybrid. Nano Lett., 2017, 18, 336-346.

  18. Xu, G. L.; Sheng, T.; Chong, L.; Ma, T.; Sun, C.; Zuo, X.; Liu, D.-J.; Ren, Y.; Zhang, X.; Liu, Y., Insights into the Distinct Lithiation/Sodiation of Porous Cobalt Oxide by in Operando Synchrotron X-ray Techniques and ab initio Molecular Dynamics Simulations. Nano Lett., 2017, 17, 953-962.

  19. Xu, G. L.; Liu, J.; Amine, R.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Selenium and Selenium-Sulfur Chemistry for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries: Interplay of Cathode Structures, Electrolytes, and Interfaces. ACS Energy Lett., 2017, 2, 605-614.

  20. Xu, G. L.; Amine, R.; Xu, Y.-F.; Liu, J.; Gim, J.; Ma, T.; Ren, Y.; Sun, C.; Liu, Y.; Zhang, X., Insights into the Structural Effects of Layered Cathode Materials for High Voltage Sodium-ion Batteries. Energy Environ. Sci., 2017, 10, 1677-1693.

  21. Xu, G. L.; Ma, T.; Sun, C. J.; Luo, C.; Cheng, L.; Ren, Y.; Heald, S. M.; Wang, C.; Curtiss, L.; Wen, J.; Miller, D. J.; Li, T.; Zuo, X.; Petkov, V.; Chen, Z.; Amine, K., Insight into the Capacity Fading Mechanism of Amorphous Se2S5 Confined in Micro/Mesoporous Carbon Matrix in Ether-Based Electrolytes. Nano Lett., 2016, 16, 2663-2673.

  22. Xu, G. L.; Chen, Z.; Zhong, G. M.; Liu, Y.; Yang, Y.; Ma, T.; Ren, Y.; Zuo, X.; Wu, X. H.; Zhang, X.; Amine, K., Nanostructured Black Phosphorus/Ketjenblack-Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Composite as High Performance Anode Material for Sodium-Ion Batteries. Nano Lett., 2016, 16, 3955-3965.

  23. Xu, G. L.; Li, Y.; Ma, T.; Ren, Y.; Wang, H.-H.; Wang, L.; Wen, J.; Miller, D.; Amine, K.; Chen, Z., PEDOT-PSS coated ZnO/C hierarchical porous nanorods as ultralong-life anode material for lithium ion batteries. Nano Energy, 2015, 18, 253-264.

  24. Xu, G. L.; Qin, Y.; Ren, Y.; Cai, L.; Ke, A.; Amine, K.; Chen, Z. H., The migration mechanism of transition metal ions in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4. J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 13031-13038.

  25. Xu, G. L.; Wang, Q.; Fang, J. C.; Xu, Y. F.; Huang, L.; Sun, S. G., Tuning the structure and property of nanostructured cathode materials of lithium ion and lithium sulfur batteries. J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 19941-19962.

  26. Xu, G. L.; Xu, Y. F.; Fang, J. C.; Peng, X. X.; Fu, F.; Huang, L.; Li, J. T.; Sun, S. G., Porous Graphitic Carbon Loading Ultra High Sulfur as High-Performance Cathode of Rechargeable Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Acs Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2013, 5, 10782-10793.

  27. Xu, G. L.; Xu, Y. F.; Fang, J. C.; Fu, F.; Sun, H.; Huang, L.; Yang, S. H.; Sun, S. G., Facile Synthesis of Hierarchical Micro/Nanostructured MnO Material and Its Excellent Lithium Storage Property and High Performance as Anode in a MnO/LiNi0.5Mn1.5 delta(4-delta) Lithium Ion Battery. Acs Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2013, 5, 6316-6323.

  28. Xu, G. L.; Li, J. T.; Huang, L.; Lin, W. F.; Sun, S. G., Synthesis of Co3O4 nano-octahedra enclosed by {111} facets and their excellent lithium storage properties as anode material of lithium ion batteries. Nano Energy 2013, 2, 394-402.

  29. Xu, G. L.; Xu, Y. F.; Sun, H.; Fu, F.; Zheng, X. M.; Huang, L.; Li, J. T.; Yang, S. H.; Sun, S. G., Facile synthesis of porous MnO/C nanotubes as a high capacity anode material for lithium ion batteries. Chem. Commun., 2012, 48, 8502-8504.

  30. Xu, G. L.; Chen, S. R.; Li, J. T.; Ke, F. S.; Huang, L.; Sun, S. G., A composite material of SnO2/ordered mesoporous carbon for the application in Lithium-ion Battery. J. Electroanal. Chem., 2011, 656, 185-191.

    Patents issued and application in Argonne
    • Gui-Liang Xu, Zonghai Chen and Khalil Amine. High performance layered cathode materials for high voltage sodium-ion batteries. US 10,325,730 B2. Date of Patent June 18, 2019.
    • Guiliang Xu, Zonghai Chen and Khalil Amine, Selenium-doped sulfur cathodes for rechargeable batteries. US 10, 601, 077 B2. Date of Patent Mar 24, 2020.
    • Guiliang Xu, Zonghai Chen and Khalil Amine, US. Patent Application, No. 15/006, 456, pending.
    • Guiliang Xu, Zonghai Chen and Khalil Amine, US. Patent Application, No. 15/670, 295, pending.