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F. Joseph Heremans


Research on spin defects in wide bandgap semiconductors for quantum information, nanoscale sensing, and quantum communication applications


I am currently a staff scientist at Argonne National Laboratory in the Center for Molecular Engineering and Materials Science Division, as well as a CASE Affiliated Scientist at the University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering.  I received my bachelor’s degree in Computer Engineering and Music Theory from the University of Michigan in 2006.  I received my Ph.D. (2013) in electrical engineering from the University of California, Santa Barbara where I worked in the group of David Awschalom researching spin defects in wide-bandgap materials, namely the nitrogen vacancy (NV) center diamond.  I then moved to the University of Chicago where I was a postdoctoral scholar in the Awschalom group from 2013-2015.  In 2016, I started as an assistant staff scientist at Argonne National Lab. 

My current research focuses on engineering spin systems in diamond, silicon carbide, and other wide bandgap semiconductors as a versatile quantum platform.  I work on a wide range of quantum applications including the fundamental development of quantum materials and hybrid quantum systems, scalable quantum technology, and quantum communication implementations based on semiconducting qubit systems.


  • J. Trimble, B. Gould, F. J. Heremans, S. Zhang, D. D. Awschalom, J. Berezovsky, Relaxation of a single defect spin by the low-frequency gyrotropic mode of a magnetic vortex. arXiv:2105.00927 [Article Link]
  • M.C. Marshall, D. F. Phillips, M. J. Turner, M. J.H. Ku, T. Zhou, F. J. Heremans, M. V. Holt, R. L. Walsworth, Scanning X-ray Diffraction Microscopy for Diamond Quantum Sensing. arXiv:2103.08388 [Article Link]
  • S. Kanai, F. J. Heremans, H. Seo, G. Wolfowicz, C. P. Anderson, S. E. Sullivan, G. Galli, D. D. Awschalom, H. Ohno, Generalized scaling of spin qubit coherence in over 12,000 host materials. arXiv:2102.02986 [Article Link]

Recent Publications:


  • G. Wolfowicz, F. J. Heremans, C. P. Anderson, S. Kanai, H. Seo, A. Gali, G. Galli, D. D. Awschalom, Qubit guidelines for solid-state spin defects. Nature Reviews Materials (2021). [Article Link]
  • D. D. Awschalom, C. H. R. Du, R. He, F. J. Heremans, A. Hoffmann, J. T. Hou, H. Kurebayashi, Y. Li, L. Liu, V. Novosad, J. Sklenar, S. E. Sullivan, D. Sun, H. Tang, V. Tiberkevich, C. Trevillian, A. W. Tsen, L. R. Weiss, W. Zhang, X. Zhang, L. Zhao, C. W. Zollitsch, Quantum engineering with hybrid magnonics systems and materials. IEEE Transactions on Quantum Engineering (2021). [Article Link]



  • A. Butcher, X. Guo, R. Shreiner, N. Delegan, K. Hao, P. J. Duda III, D. D. Awschalom, F. J. Heremans, A. A. High. High-Q Nanophotonic Resonators on Diamond Membranes using Templated Atomic Layer Deposition of TiO2. Nano Letters (2020) [Article Link]
  • G. Wolfowicz, C. P. Anderson, B. Diler, O. G. Poluektov, F. J. Heremans, D. D. Awschalom. Vanadium spin qubits as telecom quantum emitters in silicon carbide, Science Advances eaaz1192 (2020). [Article Link]
  • S. Maddali, P. Li, A. Pateras, D. Timbie, N. Delegan, A. L. Crook, H. Lee, I. Calvo-Almazan, D. Sheyfer, W. Cha, F. J. Heremans, D. D. Awschalom, V. Chamard, M. Allain and S. O. Hruszkewycz, General approaches for shear-correcting coordinate transformations in Bragg coherent diffraction imaging. Part I. J. Appl. Cryst. 53, 393 (2020). [Article Link]
  • B. Diler, S. J. Whiteley, C. P. Anderson, G. Wolfowicz, M. E. Wesson, E. S. Bielejec, F. J. Heremans, D. D. Awschalom. Coherent control and high-fidelity readout of chromium ions in commercial silicon carbide, npj Quantum Information 6, 11 (2020). [Article Link]



  • V. Ivády, J. Davidsson, N. Delegan, A. L. Falk, P. V. Klimov, S. J. Whiteley, S. O. Hruszkewycz, M. V. Holt, F. J. Heremans, N. T. Son, D. D. Awschalom, I. A. Abrikosov, A. Gali. Enhanced stability of defect-based qubits in quantum wells, Nature Communications, 10, 5607, 2019. [Article Link]
  • S. J. Whiteley, F. J. Heremans, G. Wolfowicz, D. D. Awschalom, M. V. Holt. Correlating dynamic strain and photoluminescenceof solid-state defects with stroboscopic x-raydiffraction microscopy, Nature Communications, 10, 3386, 2019.  [Article Link]
  • M. Fukami, C. G. Yale, P. Andrich, X. Liu, F. J. Heremans, P. F. Nealey, D. D. Awschalom. All-optical cryogenic thermometry based on NV centers in nanodiamonds. Physical Review Applied 12, 014042 (2019). [Article Link]
  • S. J. Whiteley, G. Wolfowicz, C. P. Anderson, A. Bourassa, H. Ma, M. Ye, G. Koolstra, K. J. Satzinger, M. V. Holt, F. J. Heremans, A. N. Cleland, D. I. Schuster, G. Galli, D. D. Awschalom, Spin-phonon interactions in silicon carbide addressed by Gaussian acoustics, Nature Physics, 15, 490495, 2019. [Article Link]

Other Publications:

  • (Featured on cover) A. Shearrow, G. Koolstra, S. J. Whiteley, N. Earnest, P. S. Barry, F. J. Heremans, D. D. Awschalom, E. Shirokoff, D. I. Schuster, Atomic layer deposition of titanium nitride for quantum circuits. Applied Physics Letter 113, 212601 (2018). [Article Link]
  • S.O. Hruszkewycz, S. Maddali, C.P. Anderson, W. Cha, K.C. Miao, M.J. Highland, A. Ulvestad, D.D. Awschalom, F.J. Heremans, Strain annealing of SiC nanoparticles revealed through Bragg coherent diffraction imaging for quantum technologies, Physical Review Materials 2, 086001 (2018). [Article Link]
  • P. Andrich, J. Li, X. Liu, F.J. Heremans, P.F. Nealey, D.D. Awschalom, Microscale resolution thermal mapping using a flexible platform of patterned quantum sensors18 (8), 46844690 (2018). [Article Link]
  • G. Wolfowicz, C. P. Anderson, A. L. Yeats, S. J. Whiteley, J. Niklas, O. G. Poluektov, F. J. Heremans, D. D. Awschalom, Optical charge state control of spin defects in 4H-SiC, Nature Communications 8, 1876 (2017). [Article Link]
  • P. Andrich, C. F. de las Casas, X. Liu, H. L. Bretscher, J. R. Berman, F. J. Heremans, P. F. Nealey, and D. D. Awschalom, Long-range spin wave mediated control of defect qubits in nanodiamonds, NPJ Quantum Information, 3 1-7 (2017). [Article Link]
  • S. O. Hruszkewycz, W. Cha, P. Andrich, C. P. Anderson, A. Ulvestad, R. Harder, P. H. Fuoss, D. D. Awschalom and F. J. Heremans, In-situ study of annealing-induced strain relaxation in diamond nanoparticles using Bragg coherent diffraction imaging, APL Materials 5 026105 (2017). [Article Link]
  • F. J. Heremans, C. G. Yale, and D. D. Awschalom, Control of Spin Defects in Wide-Bandgap Semiconductors for Quantum Technologies, Proceedings of the IEEE 104, 10 (2016). [Article Link]
  • C. G. Yale, F. J. Heremans, B. B. Zhou, A. Auer, G. Burkard, D. D. Awschalom, Optically manipulation of Berry phase in a solid-state spin qubit, Nature Photonics 10, 184 (2016). [Article Link]