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Beihai Ma

Materials Scientist

Focusing on energy materials innovation and commercialization

Biography

Beihai Ma is a Materials Scientist with the Applied Materials Division at Argonne National Laboratory. He has been doing electronic ceramics and energy materials R&D for over 20 years. His current research interests encompass development of nanocarbon enhanced advanced conductors, synthesis of ion-transport membranes for gas separation, fabrication of high energy density ceramic film capacitors, preparation of high-temperature superconductors, epitaxial growth of heterostructures, crystallographic structure and microstructure characterizations, and commercialization of laboratory developed technologies.

Education

  • Ph.D. in Physics, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois
  • M.S. in Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • B.S. in Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Work History

  • 2002 – present: Materials Scientist, Argonne National Laboratory
  • 19992002: Assistant Materials Scientist, Argonne National Laboratory
  • 19961999: Postdoctoral Fellow, Argonne National Laboratory

Honors and Awards

  • Energy and Global Security Excellence Project Award - Argonne National Laboratory, 2019
  • Art of Science Contest Winner - Argonne National Laboratory, 2017
  • Best Paper Award - the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society, 2012
  • R&D 100 Award - Advanced Ceramic Film Capacitors, 2011
  • The Young Investigator Award - the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), 2001

Selected Publications

(Out of 120 peer reviewed journal articles, 50 conference proceedings papers, and 3 book chapters; total citations: 3207, h-index: 30, i10-index: 75.)

  1. B. Ma, T.H. Lee, S.E. Dorris, R.E. Koritala, U. Balachandran, Flexible ceramic film capacitors for high-temperature power electronics,” Materials Science for Energy Technologies 2 (1), 96-103, 2019 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​s​e​t​.​2018​.​11.005)
  2. B. Ma, U. Balachandran, S.E. Dorris, T.H. Lee, A.J. Rondinone, Preparation and electrical conductivity of graphitic carbon-infused copper alloys,” MRS Communications 9 (1), 137-143, 2019 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1557​/​m​r​c​.​2019.12)
  3. B. Ma, U. Balachandran, J. Wang, J. Wen, T.H. Lee, S.E. Dorris, A.J. Rondinone, Structural hierarchy of nanocarbon in copper covetics,” Applied Physics Letters 113 (17), 173102, 2018 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​5052622)
  4. B. Ma, J. Wang, T.H. Lee, S.E. Dorris, J. Wen, U. Balachandran, Microstructural characterization of Al4C3 in aluminum–graphite composite prepared by electron-beam melting,” J. Mater. Sci. 53 (14), 10173-10180, 2018 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1007​/​s​10853​-​018​-​2336-y)
  5. U. Balachandran, B. Ma, S.E. Dorris, R.E. Koritala, D.R. Forrest, Nanocarbon‐infused metals: a new class of covetic materials for energy applications,” Ceramics Transactions 262, 205-218, 2017 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1002​/​9781119423799​.ch19)
  6. Z. Hu, B. Ma, M. Li, R.E. Koritala, U. Balachandran, Ferroelectric PLZT thick films grown by poly (1-vinylpyrrolidone-co-vinyl acetate)(PVP/VA)-modified sol–gel process,” Materials Research Bulletin 75, 167-171, 2016 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​a​t​e​r​r​e​s​b​u​l​l​.​2015​.​11.049)
  7. B Ma, Z Hu, RE Koritala, TH Lee, SE Dorris, U Balachandran, PLZT film capacitors for power electronics and energy storage applications,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 26 (12), 9279-9287 2015 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1007​/​s​10854​-​015​-​3025-0)
  8. B. Ma, S. Liu, Z. Hu, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Effect of manganese oxide insertion layer on the dielectric and ferroelectric properties of Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.52Ti0.48O3 films grown by a sol-gel process,” Materials Research Bulletin 67, 134-139, 2015 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​a​t​e​r​r​e​s​b​u​l​l​.​2015​.​03.011)
  9. Z. Hu, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, U. Balachandran, Temperature-dependent energy storage properties of antiferroelectric Pb0.96La0.04Zr0.98Ti0.02O3 thin films,” Applied Physics Letters 104, 263902, 2014 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​4887066)
  10. Z. Hu, B. Ma, S. Liu, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Relaxor behavior and energy storage performance of ferroelectric PLZT thin films with different Zr/Ti ratios,” Ceramics International 40 (1), 557-562, 2014 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​c​e​r​a​m​i​n​t​.​2013​.​05.139)
  11. S. Tong, B. Ma, M. Narayanan, S. Liu, U. Balachandran, D. Shi, Dielectric behavior of lead lanthanum zirconate titanate thin films deposited on different electrodes/substrates,” Materials Letters 106, 405-408, 1 Sept 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​a​t​l​e​t​.​2013​.​05.068)
  12. B. Ma, Z. Hu, S. Liu, S. Tong, M. Narayanan, R.E. Koritala, U. Balachandran, Temperature-dependent dielectric nonlinearity of relaxor ferroelectric Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.52Ti0.48O3 thin films,” Applied Physics Letters 102 (20), 202901, 22 May 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​4807665)
  13. S. Liu, B. Ma, M. Narayanan, S. Tong, R.E. Koritala, Z. Hu, U Balachandran, Dielectric properties of lead lanthanum zirconate titanate thin films with and without ZrO2 insertion layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 113 (17), 174107, 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​4804170)
  14. B. Ma, M. Narayanan, S. Liu, S. Tong, U. Balachandran, Development of high dielectric strength ceramic film capacitors for advanced power electronics,” Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging 10 (1), 1-7, May 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​4071​/​i​m​a​p​s.369)
  15. U. Balachandran, M. Narayanan, S. Liu, B. Ma, Development of film-on-foil ceramic dielectrics for embedded capacitors for power inverters in electric drive vehicles,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 52, 05DA10, 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​7567​/​J​J​A​P​.​52​.​05DA10)
  16. B. Ma, S. Liu, M. Narayanan, S. Tong, R.E. Koritala, Z. Hu, U. Balachandran, Residual stress of (Pb0.92La0.08)(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 films grown by sol-gel process,” Smart Mater. Struc. 22, 055019, 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0964​-​1726​/​22​/​5​/​055019)
  17. B. Ma, Z. Hu, S. Liu, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Temperature dependent polarization switching properties of ferroelectric Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.52Ti0.48Oδ films grown on nickel foils,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102 (7), 07290119 Feb 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​4793304)
  18. S. Tong, B. Ma, M. Narayanan, S. Liu, R. Koritala, U. Balachandran, D. Shi, Lead lanthanum zirconate titanate ceramic thin films for energy storage,” ACS Appl. Mater.  Interfaces 5 (4), 1474-14804 Feb 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1021​/​a​m​302985u)
  19. M. Narayanan, S. Tong, S. Liu, B. Ma, U. Balachandran, Estimation of intrinsic contribution to dielectric response of Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.52Ti0.48O3 thin films at low frequencies using high bias fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102 (6), 062906, 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​4792529)
  20. B. Ma, S. Chao, M. Narayanan, S. Liu, S. Tong, R.E. Koritala, U. Balachandran, Dense PLZT films grown on nickel substrates by PVP-modified sol–gel method,” J. Materials Science 48 (3), 1180-1185, 2013 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1007​/​s​10853​-​012​-​6857-5)
  21. B. Ma, S. Liu, S. Tong, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Enhanced dielectric properties of Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.52Ti0.48O3 films with compressive stress,” J. Appl. Phys. 112 (11), 114117, 2012 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​4768926)
  22. S. Liu, B. Ma, M. Narayanan, S. Tong, R.E. Koritala, U. Balachandran, Microstructure and electrical properties of LaNiO3 thin films by RF sputtering for the growth of (Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O3 films on silicon and nickel substrates,” Vacuum Science & Technology A 30 (6), 061505, 2012 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1116​/​1​.​4752084)
  23. S. Liu, B. Ma, M. Narayanan, S. Chao, R.E. Koritala, U. Balachandran, Improved properties of barium strontium titanate thin films grown on copper foils by pulsed laser deposition using a self-buffered layer,” J. Physics D: Appl. Phys. 45 (17), 175304, 2012 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0022​-​3727​/​45​/​17​/​175304)
  24. S. Chao, B. Ma, S. Liu, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Effects of pyrolysis conditions on dielectric properties of PLZT films derived from a polyvinylpyrrolidone-modified sol–gel process,” Materials Research Bulletin 47, 907-911, 2012 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​a​t​e​r​r​e​s​b​u​l​l​.​2011​.​09.012)
  25. M. Narayanan, S. Tong, B. Ma, S. Liu, U. Balachandran, Modified Johnson model for ferroelectric lead lanthanum zirconate titanate at very high fields and below Curie temperature,” Applied Physics Letters 100 (2), 022907, 2012 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​3676668)
  26. M. Narayanan, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, S. Tong, U. Balachandran, Electrical Properties of Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.52Ti0.48O3 Thin Films Grown on SrRuO3 Buffered Nickel and Silicon Substrates by Chemical Solution Deposition,” International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology 9, 45-51, 2012 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1111​/​j​.​1744​-​7402​.​2011​.​02693.x)
  27. B. Ma, S. Tong, M. Narayanan, S. Liu, S. Chao, U. Balachandran, Fabrication and dielectric property of ferroelectric PLZT films grown on metal foils,” Materials Research Bulletin 46, 1124-1129, 2011 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​a​t​e​r​r​e​s​b​u​l​l​.​2011​.​02.047)
  28. S. Tong, M. Narayanan, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, S. Liu, U. Balachandran, D. Shi, Effect of dead layer and strain on the diffuse phase transition of PLZT relaxor thin films,”Acta Materialia 59, 1309-1316, 2011 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​a​c​t​a​m​a​t​.​2010​.​10.063)
  29. U. Balachandran, D.K. Kwon, M. Narayanan, B. Ma, Development of PLZT dielectrics on base metal foils for embedded capacitors,” J. European Ceramic Society 30, 365-368, 2010 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​j​e​u​r​c​e​r​a​m​s​o​c​.​2009​.​05.006)
  30. M. Narayanan, B. Ma, U. Balachandran, W. Li, Dielectric spectroscopy of Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.52Ti0.48O3 films on hastelloy substrates with and without LaNiO3 buffer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 024103, 2010 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​3291127)
  31. M. Narayanan, B. Ma, U. Balachandran, Improved dielectric properties of lead lanthanum zirconate titanate thin films on copper substrates,” Materials Letters 64 (1), 22-24, 2010 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​a​t​l​e​t​.​2009​.​09.059)
  32. B. Ma, M. Narayanan, S. Tong, U. Balachandran, Fabrication and characterization of ferroelectric PLZT film capacitors on metallic substrates,” J. Materials Science 45 (1), 151-157, 2010 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1007​/​s​10853​-​009​-​3910-0)
  33. B. Ma, D.K. Kwon, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Dielectric properties and energy storage capability of antiferroelectric Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.95Ti0.05O3 film-on-foil capacitors,” J. Materials Research 24 (9), 2993-2996, 2009 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1557​/​J​M​R​.​2009​.0349)
  34. B. Ma, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Dielectric strength and reliability of ferroelectric PLZT films deposited on nickel substrates,” Materials Letters 63, 1353-1356, 2009 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​a​t​l​e​t​.​2009​.​03.021)
  35. B. Ma, D.K. Kwon, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Chemical solution deposition of ferroelectric lead lanthanum zirconate titanate films on base-metal foils,” J. Electroceramics 22 (4), 383-389, 2009 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1007​/​s​10832​-​007​-​9410-1)
  36. B. Ma, D.K. Kwon, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Fabrication of antiferroelectric PLZT films on metal foils,” Materials Research Bulletin 44 (1), 11-14, 2009 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​a​t​e​r​r​e​s​b​u​l​l​.​2008​.​09.006)
  37. B. Ma, D.K. Kwon, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Leakage current characteristics and dielectric breakdown of antiferroelectric Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.95Ti0.05O3 film capacitors grown on metal foils,” J. Physics D: Applied Physics 41 (20), 205003, 2008 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0022​-​3727​/​41​/​20​/​205003)
  38. B. Ma, D.K. Kwon, M. Narayanan, U. Balachandran, Dielectric properties of PLZT film-on-foil capacitors,” Materials Letters 62, 3573-3575, 2008 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​a​t​l​e​t​.​2008​.​03.060)
  39. M. Narayanan, D.K. Kwon, B. Ma, U. Balachandran, Deposition of sol-gel derived lead lanthanum zirconate titanate thin films on copper substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 252905, 2008 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​2945887)
  40. H. Claus, B. Ma, A.P. Paulikas, R. Nikolova, B.W. Veal, Q.X. Jia, U. Welp, K.E. Gray, Critical current of grain boundaries in YBa2Cu3Ox bicrystal films as a function of oxygen concentration,” Physical Review B 76 (1), 014529, 2007 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1103​/​P​h​y​s​R​e​v​B​.​76​.​014529)
  41. M. Li, X. Zhao, B. Ma, S.E. Dorris, U. Balachandran, V.A. Maroni, Effect of CeO2 buffer layer thickness on the structures and properties of YBCO coated conductors,” Applied surface science 253 (17), 7172-7177, 2007 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​a​p​s​u​s​c​.​2007​.​02.186)
  42. Y. Li, E.R. Maxey, J.W. Richardson Jr, B. Ma, T.H. Lee, S.J. Song, Oxygen Non‐Stoichiometry and Thermal–Chemical Expansion of Ce0.8Y0.2O1.9 Electrolytes by Neutron Diffraction,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society 90 (4), 1208-1214, 2007 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1111​/​j​.​1551​-​2916​.​2007​.​01606.x)
  43. P.S. Shankar, J.P. Singh, B. Ma, R. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, U. Balachandran, Bend strain tolerance of YBa2Cu3O7-x-coated conductors fabricated by inclined substrate deposition,” Superconductor Science and Technology 19 (9), 930, July 2006 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​19​/​9/008)
  44. Y. Xu, C.H. Lei, B. Ma, H. Evans, H. Efstathiadis, M. Rane, M. Massey, U. Balachandran, R. Bhattacharya, Growth of textured MgO through e-beam evaporation and inclined substrate deposition,” Superconductor Science and Technology 19 (8), 835, 2006 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​19​/​8/026)
  45. U. Balachandran, B. Ma, Mixed-conducting dense ceramic membranes for air separation and natural gas conversion,” J. Solid State Electrochemistry 10 (8), 617-624, 2006 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1007​/​s​10008​-​006​-​0126-y)
  46. B. Ma, U. Balachandran, Prospects for the fabrication of low aspect ratio coated conductors by inclined substrate deposition,” Superconductor Science and Technology 19 (6), 497, 2006 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​19​/​6/015)
  47. T.P. Weber, B. Ma, U. Balachandran, M. McNallan, Fabrication of biaxially textured magnesium oxide thin films by ion-beam-assisted deposition,” Thin solid films 476 (1), 79-83, 2005 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​t​s​f​.​2004​.​09.018)
  48. K.K. Uprety, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, S.E. Dorris, U. Balachandran, Growth and properties of YBCO-coated conductors on biaxially textured MgO films prepared by inclined substrate deposition,” Superconductor Science and Technology 18 (3), 294, 2005 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​18​/​3/015)
  49. H. Claus, K.K. Uprety, B. Ma, A.P. Paulikas, V.K. Vlasko-Vlasov, U. Welp, B.W. Veal, K.E. Gray, Reversible oxidation and critical current of YBa2Cu3Ox coated conductors,” Physica C: Superconductivity 416 (1-2), 1-10, 2004 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​p​h​y​s​c​.​2004​.​08.008)
  50. B. Ma, K.K. Uprety, B.L. Fisher, R.E. Koritala, S.E. Dorris U. Balachandran, YBCO-coated conductors fabricated by inclined substrate deposition technique,” Superconductor Science and Technology 17 (9), S477, 2004 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​17​/​9/003)
  51. R.M. Baurceanu, S.E. Dorris, T. Wiencek, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, V.A. Maroni, K. Venkataraman, M. Mika, U. Balachandran, Optimum copper content of silver for YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) coated conductors,” Physica C: Superconductivity 406 (3-4), 169-175, 2004 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​p​h​y​s​c​.​2004​.​04.003)
  52. M. Li, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, X. Zhao, V.A. Maroni, S.E. Dorris, U. Balachandran, c-Axis orientation control of YBa2Cu3O7-x films grown on inclined-substrate-deposited MgO-buffered metallic substrates,” Solid state communications 131 (2), 101-105, 2004 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​s​s​c​.​2004​.​04.038)
  53. K.K. Uprety, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, R.M. Baurceanu, T.P. Weber, B.L. Fisher, S.E. Dorris, R.A. Erck, V.A. Maroni, U. Balachandran, Growth of YBCO film on SrRuO3-buffered MgO substrate,” Superconductor Science and Technology 17 (4), 671, 2004 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​17​/​4/018)
  54. B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, K.K. Uprety, R. Baurceanu, S.E. Dorris, D.J. Miller, P. Berghuis, K.E. Gray, U. Balachandran High critical current density of YBCO coated conductors fabricated by inclined substrate deposition,” Physica C: Superconductivity 403 (3), 183-190, 2004 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​p​h​y​s​c​.​2003​.​11.018)
  55. Y. Li, E.R. Maxey, J.W. Richardson Jr, B. Ma, Structural and chemical evolution of Fe-Co-O based ceramics under reduction/oxidation-an in situ neutron diffraction study,” Materials Science and Engineering B 106, 6-26, January 2004 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​j​.​m​s​e​b​.​2003​.​07.004)
  56. V.K. Vlasko-Vlasov, H. Claus, U. Welp, K.E. Gray, B. Ma, U. Balachandran, Improving the ratio of the grain-boundary and bulk critical currents in YBa2Cu3O7 film,” Applied physics letters 84 (2), 242-244, 2004 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1063​/​1​.​1639503)
  57. U. Balachandran, B. Ma, M. Li, B.L. Fisher, R.E. Koritala, D.J. Miller, S.E. Dorris, Development of coated conductors by inclined substrate deposition,” Physica C: Superconductivity 392, 806-814, 2003 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​03​)​00790-1)
  58. M. Li, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, K. Venkataraman, V.A. Maroni, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, P. Berghuis, U. Welp, K.E. Gray, U. Balachandran, Pulsed laser deposition of c-axis untilted YBCO films on c-axis tilted ISD MgO-buffered metallic substrates,” Physica C: Superconductivity 387 (3-4), 373-381, 2003 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​02​)​02332-8)
  59. B. Ma, M. Li, R.E. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, A.R. Markowitz, R.A. Erck, R. Baurceanu, S.E. Dorris, D.J. Miller, U. Balachandran, Pulsed laser deposition of YBCO films on ISD MgO buffered metal tapes,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 16, 464, 2003 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​16​/​4/308)
  60. J.H. Je, H. You, W.G. Cullen, V.A. Maroni, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, M.W. Rupich, C. Thieme, Microstructure of RE2O3 layers on cube textured Ni substrates,” Physica C: Superconductivity 384 (1-2), 54-60, 2003 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​02​)​01982-2)
  61. J.H. Je, H. You, W.G. Cullen, V.A. Maroni, B. Ma, R.E Koritala, C Thieme, Detection of a Pd-Ni interlayer at the Pd/Ni interface of an epitaxial Pd film on cube textured nickel (001),” Physica C: Superconductivity 383 (3), 241-246, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​02​)​01325-4)
  62. M. Li, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, K. Venkataraman, U. Balachandran, Pulsed laser deposition of YBCO thin films on IBAD-YSZ substrates,” Superconductor Science and Technology 16 (1), 105, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​16​/​1/319)
  63. B. Ma, N.I. Victory, U. Balachandran, B.J. Mitchell, J.W. Jr. Richardson, Study of the Mixed‐Conducting SrFeCo0.5Oy System,” J. American Ceramic Society 85 (11), 2641-2645, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1111​/​j​.​1151​-​2916​.​2002​.​t​b​00508.x)
  64. B. Ma, M. Li, B.L. Fisher, R.E. Koritala, U. Balachandran, Inclined-substrate deposition of biaxially aligned template films for YBCO-coated conductors,” Physica C: Superconductivity 382 (1), 38-42, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​02​)​01193-0)
  65. U. Balachandran, B. Ma, M. Li, B.L. Fisher, R.E. Koritala, R.A. Erck, S.E. Dorris,” Inclined-substrate deposition of biaxially textured template for coated conductors,” Physica C: Superconductivity 378, 950-954, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​02​)​01575-7)
  66. B. Ma, M. Li, R.E. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, S.E. Dorris, V.A. Maroni, D.J. Miller, U. Balachandran, Direct deposition of YBCO on polished Ag substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” Physica C: Superconductivity 377 (4), 501-506, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​01​)​01310-7)
  67. U. Balachandran, M. Li, R.E. Koritala, B.F. Fisher, B. Ma, Development of YBCO-coated conductors for electric power applications,” Physica C: Superconductivity 372, 869-872, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​02​)​00881-X)
  68. B Ma, M Li, BL Fisher, U Balachandran, Ion-beam-assisted deposition of biaxially aligned yttria-stabilized zirconia template films on metallic substrates for YBCO-coated conductors,” Superconductor Science and Technology 15, 1083, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​15​/​7/318)
  69. M. Li, B. Ma, R.E. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, S.E. Dorris, K. Venkataraman, U. Balachandran, Growth and properties of YBCO thin films on polycrystalline Ag substrates by inclined substrate pulsed laser deposition,” Superconductor Science and Technology 15 (6), 986, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​15​/​6/326)
  70. B.J. Mitchell, J.W. Richardson Jr, C.D. Murphy, B. Ma, U. Balachandran, J.P. Hodges, J.D. Jorgensen, Phase stability of SrFeCo0.5Oy under synthesis and annealing conditions,” J. European Ceramic Society 22 (5), 661-671, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0955​-​2219​(​01​)​00367-3)
  71. B.J. Mitchell, R.C. Rogan, J.W. Richardson Jr., B. Ma, U. Balachandran, Stability of the cubic perovskite SrFe0.8Co0.2O3,” Solid State Ionics 146, 313-321, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0167​-​2738​(​01​)​01011-6)
  72. B. Ma, M. Li, Y.A. Jee, R.E. Koritala, B.L. Fisher, U Balachandran, Inclined-substrate deposition of biaxially textured magnesium oxide thin films for YBCO coated conductors,” Physica C: Superconductivity 366 (4), 270-276, 2002 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​01​)​00905-4)
  73. B.I. Smirnov, Y.A. Burenkov, K.C. Goretta, B. Ma, U. Balachandran, Thermoelastic response of polycrystalline SrFe1.2Co0.3Ox,” Materials Letters 50 (4), 259-262, 2001 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0167​-​577​X​(​01​)​00236-1)
  74. A.R. De Arellano-Lopez, U. Balachandran, K.C. Goretta, B. Ma, J.L. Routbort, High-temperature deformation of Sr (FeCo)1.5Ox ceramics,” Acta materialia 49 (15), 3109-3116, 2001 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​1359​-​6454​(​01​)​00164-1)
  75. Y.A. Jee, M. Li, B. Ma, V.A. Maroni, B.L. Fisher, U. Balachandran, Comparison of texture development and superconducting properties of YBCO thin films prepared by TFA and PLD processes,” Physica C: Superconductivity 356 (4), 297-303, 2001 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1016​/​S​0921​-​4534​(​01​)​00281-7)
  76. Y.A. Jee, B. Ma, V.A. Maroni, M. Li, B.L. Fisher, U. Balachandran, Texture development and superconducting properties of YBa2Cu3Ox thin films prepared by a solution process in low oxygen partial pressure,” Superconductor Science and Technology 14 (5), 285, 2001 (https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1088​/​0953​-​2048​/​14​/​5/308)

Issued Patents

  1. US Patent 10,843,261 B2, Method for Making Metal-Nanostructured Carbon Composites, November 24, 2020
  2. US Patent 10,662,509 B2, Method for Making Metal-Carbon Composites and Compositions, May 26, 2020
  3. US Patent 10,128,046 B2, Wound/Stack Ceramic Film Capacitors, Method for Making Ceramic Film Capacitors, November 13, 2018
  4. US Patent 9,908,817 B2, Multilayer Capacitors, Method for Making Multilayer Capacitors, March 6, 2018
  5. US Patent 9,834,843 B2, Method for Fabrication of Crack-Free Ceramic Dielectric Films, December 5, 2017
  6. US Patent 9,679,705 B2, Method for Fabrication of Ceramic Dielectric Films on Copper Foils, June 13, 2017
  7. US Patent 9,646,766 B2, Method of Making Dielectric Capacitors with Increased Dielectric Breakdown Strength, May 9, 2017
  8. US Patent 9,359,223 B2, Method for Producing Thin Film Electrodes, June 7, 2016
  9. US Patent 9,355,761 B2, Method for Fabrication of Crack-Free Ceramic Dielectric Films, May 31, 2016
  10. US Patent 9,299,496 B2PLZT Capacitor on Glass Substrate, March 29, 2016
  11. US Patent 9,230,739 B2, PLZT Capacitor on Glass Substrate, January 5, 2016
  12. US Patent 8,974,856 B2, Method for Fabrication of Ceramic Dielectric Films on Copper Foils, March 10, 2015
  13. US Patent 8,647,737 B2, Method for Fabrication of Crack-Free Ceramic Dielectric Films, February 11, 2014
  14. US Patent 7,560,291 B2, Method for Fabrication of High-Temperature Superconductors, July14, 2009
  15. US Patent 7,012,275 B2, Method for Fabrication of High-Temperature Superconductors, March 14, 2006
  16. U.S. Patent 6,579,360 B2, Fabrication of high temperature superconductors, Jun 17, 2003