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Todd Levin

Electricity Markets Team Lead


Dr. Todd Levin is the Electricity Markets Team Lead in the Center for Energy, Environmental and Economic Systems Analysis (CEEESA) at Argonne National Laboratory. His research interests focus on utilizing advanced optimization and simulation methodologies to model complex interactions in electricity markets and quantify the implications of domestic energy policies and regulations. He also maintains a strong interest in international energy development, examining optimal centralized and decentralized rural electrification strategies as well as a range of global energy security issues.

Dr. Levin holds a B.A. in Physics from Northwestern University and a Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology.

Featured Publications

Additional Publications

T. Levin, A. Botterud, W. N. Mann, J. Kwon, and Z. Zhou, Extreme weather and electricity markets: Key lessons from the February 2021 Texas crisis,” Joule, Jan. 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.joule.2021.12.015.

Y. Sun et al., ​“Research Priorities and Opportunities in United States Competitive Wholesale Electricity Markets,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CONREL/TP-6A20-77521, May 2021. Available: https://​www​.nrel​.gov/​d​o​c​s​/​f​y​2​1​o​s​t​i​/​7​7​5​2​1.pdf

D. Nock, T. Levin, and E. Baker, ​“Changing the policy paradigm: A benefit maximization approach to electricity planning in developing countries,” Applied Energy, vol. 264, p. 114583, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.114583.

J. Kwon, Z. Zhou, T. Levin, and A. Botterud, ​“Resource Adequacy in Electricity Markets With Renewable Energy,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 773–781, Jan. 2020, doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2019.2930934.

T. Levin, J. Kwon, and A. Botterud, ​“The long-term impacts of carbon and variable renewable energy policies on electricity markets,” Energy Policy, vol. 131, pp. 53–71, Aug. 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2019.02.070.

T. Levin, ​“Prices in Frequency Regulation Markets: Impacts of Natural Gas Prices and Variable Renewable Energy,” Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, ILANL/ESD-18/9, May 2018. Available: https://​anl​.app​.box​.com/​s​/​a​b​g​a​g​g​1​f​7​b​6​s​l​o​5​q​l​h​3​x​t​i​u​s​6​8​o​7ocy2

C. Byers, T. Levin, and A. Botterud, ​“Capacity market design and renewable energy: Performance incentives, qualifying capacity, and demand curves,” The Electricity Journal, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 65–74, Jan. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.tej.2018.01.006.

R. Wiser, A. Mills, J. Seel, T. Levin, and A. Botterud, ​“Impacts of Variable Renewable Energy on Bulk  Power System Assets, Pricing, and Costs,” Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CALBNL-2001082, 2017. Available: https://​emp​.lbl​.gov/​p​u​b​l​i​c​a​t​i​o​n​s​/​i​m​p​a​c​t​s​-​v​a​r​i​a​b​l​e​-​r​e​n​e​w​a​b​l​e​-​e​n​ergy/

L. C. Schwartz et al., ​“Electricity end uses, energy efficiency, and distributed energy resources baseline,” Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, LBNL‐ 1006983, Jan. 2017. Available: https://​emp​.lbl​.gov/​p​u​b​l​i​c​a​t​i​o​n​s​/​e​l​e​c​t​r​i​c​i​t​y​-​e​n​d​-​u​s​e​s​-​e​nergy

Z. Zhou, T. Levin, and G. Conzelmann, ​“Survey of U.S. Ancillary Services Markets,” Argonne National Laboratory, ANL/ESD-16/1, Jan. 2016. Available: https://​pub​li​ca​tions​.anl​.gov/​a​n​l​p​u​b​s​/​2​0​1​6​/​0​9​/​1​3​0​1​0​2.pdf

M. R. Weimar, M. E. Mylrea, T. Levin, A. Botterud, E. O’Shaughnessy, and L. Bird, ​“Integrating Renewable Generation into Grid Operations: Four International Experiences,” Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WAPNNL-25331, Apr. 2016. Available: http://​www​.pnnl​.gov/​m​a​i​n​/​p​u​b​l​i​c​a​t​i​o​n​s​/​e​x​t​e​r​n​a​l​/​t​e​c​h​n​i​c​a​l​_​r​e​p​o​r​t​s​/​P​N​N​L​-​2​5​3​3​1.pdf

M. Milligan et al., ​“Wholesale electricity market design with increasing levels of renewable generation: Revenue sufficiency and long-term reliability,” The Electricity Journal, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 26–38, Mar. 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.tej.2016.02.005.

T. Levin, R. Muehleisen, and R. Horner, ​“Research and Development Opportunities for Technologies to Influence Water Consumption Behavior,” Argonne National Laboratory, ANL/ESD-16/17, Sep. 2016. Available: https://​www​.osti​.gov/​b​i​b​l​i​o​/​1​3​31340

E. Ela et al., ​“Wholesale electricity market design with increasing levels of renewable generation: Incentivizing flexibility in system operations,” The Electricity Journal, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 51–60, May 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.tej.2016.05.001.

T. Levin and A. Botterud, ​“Electricity market design for generator revenue sufficiency with increased variable generation,” Energy Policy, vol. 87, pp. 392–406, Dec. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2015.09.012.

T. Levin and A. Botterud, ​“Capacity Adequacy and Revenue Sufficiency in Electricity Markets With Wind Power,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 1644–1653, Mar. 2015, doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2403714.

E. Ela, M. Milligan, A. Bloom, A. Botterud, A. Townsend, and T. Levin, ​“Evolution of Wholesale Electricity Market Design with Increasing Levels of Renewable Generation,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Technical Report NREL/TP-5D00-61765, Sep. 2014. Available: http://​www​.nrel​.gov/​d​o​c​s​/​f​y​1​4​o​s​t​i​/​6​1​7​6​5.pdf

A. Botterud, T. Levin, and V. Koritarov, ​“Pumped Storage Hydropower: Benefits for Grid Reliability and Integration of Variable Renewable Energy,” Argonne National Laboratory, ANL/DIS-14/10, Aug. 2014. Available: https://​pub​li​ca​tions​.anl​.gov/​a​n​l​p​u​b​s​/​2​0​1​4​/​1​2​/​1​0​6​3​8​0.pdf