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In-Flight (Radioactive) Beams

Using the in-flight technique, several hundred radioactive ion beams can be produced and made available to many different end stations.

The production of short-lived beams via the in-flight technique allows researchers to explore new nuclear-structure phenomena. This capability has been available at ATLAS for many years using the method described in Rev. Sci. Instrm. 71, 380 (2008). It was upgraded in 2018 with the implementation of the Argonne In-flight Radioactive Ion Separator (RAISOR). For more information on what beams, energies, and intensities are available, please contact the Calem Hoffman. Below is a plot of the beams that are currently available or expected to be available in 2022.

Available in-flight radioactive beams at ATLAS as of February 2022

A table of in-flight radioactive ion beams

Isotope A Z N Rate [pps] Energy [MeV/u] Purity [%] Designation
6He 6 2 4 1.00E+03 6 5 Expected
6He 6 2 4 1.00E+04 10 5 Expected
6He 6 2 4 2.00E+04 14 5 Expected
8Li 8 3 5 5.00E+04 6 60 Available
8Li 8 3 5 5.00E+04 10 90 Available
8Li 8 3 5 1.00E+04 14 90 Available
7Be 7 4 3 1.00E+04 6 20 Available
7Be 7 4 3 5.00E+03 10 40 Available
7Be 7 4 3 1.00E+03 14 40 Available
10Be 10 4 6 1.00E+05 6 20 Available
10Be 10 4 6 1.00E+05 10 80 Available
10Be 10 4 6 2.00E+04 14 80 Available
11Be 11 4 7 5.00E+02 6 5 Expected
11Be 11 4 7 2.00E+03 10 5 Available
11Be 11 4 7 5.00E+03 14 5 Available
12Be 12 4 8 5.00E+02 6 5 Expected
12Be 12 4 8 1.00E+03 10 5 Available
12Be 12 4 8 2.00E+03 14 5 Available
12B 12 5 7 2.00E+06 6 50 Available
12B 12 5 7 1.00E+06 10 80 Available
12B 12 5 7 4.00E+05 14 80 Available
13B 13 5 8 5.00E+03 6 10 Available
13B 13 5 8 5.00E+04 10 20 Available
13B 13 5 8 2.00E+05 14 20 Available
10C 10 6 4 1.00E+04 6 10 Expected
10C 10 6 4 5.00E+04 10 20 Available
10C 10 6 4 5.00E+04 14 20 Available
11C 11 6 5 1.00E+06 6 20 Available
11C 11 6 5 5.00E+05 10 40 Available
11C 11 6 5 1.00E+05 14 40 Available
15C 15 6 9 2.00E+06 6 40 Available
15C 15 6 9 1.00E+06 10 60 Available
15C 15 6 9 5.00E+05 14 60 Available
16C 16 6 10 5.00E+02 6 10 Available
16C 16 6 10 2.00E+03 10 20 Available
16C 16 6 10 5.00E+03 14 20 Available
12N 12 7 5 5.00E+04 14 20 Available
13N 13 7 6 2.00E+06 6 20 Available
13N 13 7 6 1.00E+06 10 40 Available
13N 13 7 6 2.00E+05 14 40 Available
16Nm/g 16 7 9 2.00E+06 6 20 Available
16Nm/g 16 7 9 1.00E+06 10 40 Available
16Nm/g 16 7 9 2.00E+05 14 40 Available
17N 17 7 10 5.00E+03 6 10 Available
17N 17 7 10 5.00E+04 10 20 Available
17N 17 7 10 2.00E+05 14 20 Available
14O 14 8 6 1.00E+03 6 20 Available
14O 14 8 6 1.00E+05 10 20 Available
14O 14 8 6 1.00E+05 14 20 Available
15O 15 8 7 1.00E+06 6 20 Available
15O 15 8 7 1.00E+06 10 50 Available
15O 15 8 7 2.00E+05 14 50 Available
19O 19 8 11 1.00E+06 6 20 Available
19O 19 8 11 1.00E+06 10 40 Available
19O 19 8 11 2.00E+05 14 40 Available
20O 20 8 12 5.00E+02 6 1 Available
20O 20 8 12 2.00E+03 10 1 Available
20O 20 8 12 5.00E+03 14 1 Available
17F 17 9 8 1.00E+06 6 20 Available
17F 17 9 8 1.00E+06 10 50 Available
17F 17 9 8 2.00E+05 14 50 Available
18Fm/g 18 9 9 1.00E+06 6 20 Available
18Fm/g 18 9 9 1.00E+06 10 50 Available
18Fm/g 18 9 9 2.00E+05 14 50 Available
20F 20 9 11 1.00E+06 6 20 Available
20F 20 9 11 1.00E+06 10 40 Available
20F 20 9 11 2.00E+05 14 40 Available
21F 21 9 12 5.00E+03 6 10 Available
21F 21 9 12 5.00E+04 10 20 Available
21F 21 9 12 1.00E+05 14 20 Available
18Ne 18 10 8 1.00E+03 6 20 Available
18Ne 18 10 8 1.00E+03 10 20 Available
19Ne 19 10 9 1.00E+03 6 5 Available
19Ne 19 10 9 1.00E+04 10 10 Available
19Ne 19 10 9 5.00E+04 14 10 Available
23Ne 23 10 13 2.00E+05 6 15 Available
23Ne 23 10 13 2.00E+05 10 30 Available
23Ne 23 10 13 1.00E+05 14 30 Available
24Ne 24 10 14 5.00E+02 6 1 Available
24Ne 24 10 14 1.00E+03 10 1 Available
24Ne 24 10 14 2.00E+03 14 1 Available
20Na 20 11 9 5.00E+03 10 10 Available
20Na 20 11 9 1.00E+04 14 10 Available
21Na 21 11 10 5.00E+05 6 10 Available
21Na 21 11 10 5.00E+05 10 20 Available
21Na 21 11 10 2.00E+05 14 20 Available
22Nam/g 22 11 11 5.00E+05 6 10 Available
22Nam/g 22 11 11 5.00E+05 10 20 Available
22Nam/g 22 11 11 2.00E+05 14 20 Available
24Nam/g 24 11 13 1.00E+05 6 10 Available
24Nam/g 24 11 13 1.00E+05 10 20 Available
24Nam/g 24 11 13 5.00E+04 14 20 Available
25Na 25 11 14 5.00E+03 6 10 Available
25Na 25 11 14 2.00E+04 10 20 Available
25Na 25 11 14 5.00E+04 14 20 Available
22Mg 22 12 10 1.00E+03 6 1 Available
22Mg 22 12 10 1.00E+03 10 1 Available
23Mg 23 12 11 1.00E+03 6 5 Available
23Mg 23 12 11 5.00E+03 10 10 Available
23Mg 23 12 11 1.00E+04 14 10 Available
27Mg 27 12 15 1.00E+05 6 10 Available
27Mg 27 12 15 1.00E+05 10 20 Available
27Mg 27 12 15 5.00E+04 14 20 Available
28Mg 28 12 16 5.00E+02 6 1 Available
28Mg 28 12 16 1.00E+03 10 1 Available
28Mg 28 12 16 2.00E+03 14 1 Available
24Al 24 13 11 5.00E+02 10 10 Available
24Al 24 13 11 5.00E+03 14 10 Available
25Al 25 13 12 5.00E+04 6 10 Available
25Al 25 13 12 1.00E+05 10 20 Available
25Al 25 13 12 5.00E+04 14 20 Available
26Alm/g 26 13 13 5.00E+04 6 10 Available
26Alm/g 26 13 13 1.00E+05 10 20 Available
26Alm/g 26 13 13 5.00E+04 14 20 Available
28Al 28 13 15 1.00E+05 6 10 Available
28Al 28 13 15 1.00E+05 10 20 Available
28Al 28 13 15 5.00E+04 14 20 Available
29Al 29 13 16 5.00E+03 6 10 Available
29Al* 29 13 16 2.00E+04 10 20 Available
29Al 29 13 16 5.00E+04 14 20 Available
26Si 26 14 12 8.00E+02 6 5 Available
26Si 26 14 12 8.00E+02 10 5 Available
27Si 27 14 13 1.00E+03 6 5 Available
27Si 27 14 13 5.00E+03 10 10 Available
27Si 27 14 13 1.00E+04 14 10 Available
31Si 31 14 17 5.00E+04 6 5 Available
31Si 31 14 17 5.00E+04 10 5 Available
31Si 31 14 17 2.00E+04 14 10 Available
32Si 32 14 18 2.50E+02 6 1 Available
32Si 32 14 18 1.00E+03 10 1 Available
32Si 32 14 18 2.00E+03 14 1 Available
34Si 34 14 20 2.50E+02 6 1 Available
34Si 34 14 20 1.00E+03 10 1 Available
34Si 34 14 20 2.00E+03 14 1 Available
28P 28 15 13 5.00E+02 10 10 Available
28P 28 15 13 5.00E+03 14 10 Available
29P 29 15 14 5.00E+04 6 5 Available
29P 29 15 14 1.00E+05 10 10 Available
29P 29 15 14 5.00E+04 14 10 Available
30P 30 15 15 5.00E+04 6 5 Available
30P 30 15 15 1.00E+05 10 10 Available
30P 30 15 15 5.00E+04 14 10 Available
32P 32 15 17 5.00E+04 6 5 Available
32P 32 15 17 5.00E+04 10 5 Available
32P 32 15 17 2.00E+04 14 10 Available
33P 33 15 18 5.00E+03 6 5 Available
33P 33 15 18 2.00E+04 10 5 Available
33P 33 15 18 5.00E+04 14 5 Available
34P 34 15 19 5.00E+03 6 5 Available
34P 34 15 19 2.00E+04 10 5 Available
34P 34 15 19 5.00E+04 14 5 Available
35P 35 15 20 5.00E+03 6 5 Available
35P 35 15 20 2.00E+04 10 5 Available
35P 35 15 20 5.00E+04 14 5 Available
30S 30 16 14 6.00E+02 6 20 Available
30S 30 16 14 6.00E+02 10 20 Available
31S 31 16 15 1.00E+03 6 5 Available
31S 31 16 15 5.00E+03 10 10 Available
31S 31 16 15 1.00E+04 14 10 Available
35S 35 16 19 2.00E+04 6 5 Available
35S 35 16 19 2.00E+04 10 5 Available
35S 35 16 19 1.00E+04 14 5 Available
37S 37 16 21 2.00E+04 6 5 Available
37S 37 16 21 2.00E+04 10 5 Available
37S 37 16 21 1.00E+04 14 5 Available
38S 38 16 22 5.00E+02 6 5 Available
38S 38 16 22 1.00E+03 10 10 Available
38S 38 16 22 5.00E+03 14 10 Available
32Cl 32 17 15 5.00E+02 10 10 Available
32Cl 32 17 15 5.00E+03 14 10 Available
33Cl 33 17 16 1.00E+04 6 2 Available
33Cl 33 17 16 2.00E+04 10 4 Available
33Cl 33 17 16 1.00E+04 14 4 Available
34Clm/g 34 17 17 7.00E+04 6 10 Available
34Clm/g 34 17 17 7.00E+04 10 10 Available
34Clm/g 34 17 17 5.00E+04 14 10 Available
36Cl 36 17 19 1.00E+04 6 5 Available
36Cl 36 17 19 1.00E+04 10 5 Available
36Cl 36 17 19 1.00E+04 14 5 Available
38Clm/g 38 17 21 1.00E+04 6 5 Available
38Clm/g 38 17 21 1.00E+04 10 5 Available
38Clm/g 38 17 21 1.00E+04 14 5 Available
39Cl 39 17 22 5.00E+03 6 10 Available
39Cl 39 17 22 1.00E+04 10 20 Available
39Cl 39 17 22 2.00E+04 14 20 Available
34Ar 34 18 16 4.00E+02 6 5 Available
34Ar 34 18 16 4.00E+02 10 5 Available
35Ar 35 18 17 5.00E+02 6 1 Available
35Ar 35 18 17 2.00E+03 10 1 Available
35Ar 35 18 17 5.00E+03 14 1 Available
37Ar 37 18 19 1.00E+04 6 1 Available
37Ar 37 18 19 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
37Ar 37 18 19 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
39Ar 39 18 21 1.00E+04 6 1 Available
39Ar 39 18 21 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
39Ar 39 18 21 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
41Ar 41 18 23 1.00E+04 6 1 Available
41Ar 41 18 23 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
41Ar 41 18 23 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
42Ar 42 18 24 1.00E+02 6 1 Available
42Ar 42 18 24 5.00E+02 10 1 Available
42Ar 42 18 24 1.00E+03 14 1 Available
43Ar 43 18 25 1.00E+02 6 1 Expected
43Ar 43 18 25 5.00E+02 10 1 Expected
43Ar 43 18 25 1.00E+03 14 1 Expected
44Ar 44 18 26 1.00E+02 6 1 Expected
44Ar 44 18 26 5.00E+02 10 1 Expected
44Ar 44 18 26 1.00E+03 14 1 Expected
45Ar 45 18 27 1.00E+02 6 1 Expected
45Ar 45 18 27 5.00E+02 10 1 Expected
45Ar 45 18 27 1.00E+03 14 1 Expected
46Ar 46 18 28 1.00E+02 6 1 Available
46Ar 46 18 28 5.00E+02 10 1 Available
46Ar 46 18 28 1.00E+03 14 1 Available
36K 36 19 17 5.00E+02 10 5 Available
36K 36 19 17 5.00E+03 14 5 Available
37K 37 19 18 2.00E+04 6 5 Available
37K 37 19 18 4.00E+04 10 5 Available
37K 37 19 18 4.00E+04 14 5 Available
38Km/g 38 19 19 5.00E+02 6 1 Available
38Km/g 38 19 19 2.00E+03 10 1 Available
38Km/g 38 19 19 5.00E+03 14 1 Available
42K 42 19 23 2.00E+03 6 1 Available
42K 42 19 23 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
42K 42 19 23 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
43Km/g 43 19 24 5.00E+03 6 1 Available
43Km/g 43 19 24 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
43Km/g 43 19 24 2.00E+04 14 1 Available
44K 44 19 25 1.00E+03 10 1 Available
44K 44 19 25 5.00E+03 14 1 Available
45K 45 19 26 1.00E+03 6 1 Available
45K 45 19 26 2.00E+03 10 1 Available
45K 45 19 26 5.00E+03 14 1 Available
46K 46 19 27 1.00E+03 6 1 Available
46K 46 19 27 2.00E+03 10 1 Available
46K 46 19 27 5.00E+03 14 1 Available
47K 47 19 28 5.00E+03 6 1 Available
47K 47 19 28 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
47K 47 19 28 2.00E+04 14 1 Available
38Ca 38 20 18 2.00E+02 6 1 Available
38Ca 38 20 18 2.00E+02 10 1 Available
41Ca 41 20 21 1.00E+04 6 1 Available
41Ca 41 20 21 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
41Ca 41 20 21 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
41Sc 41 21 20 1.00E+04 6 1 Available
41Sc 41 21 20 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
41Sc 41 21 20 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
43Scm/g 43 21 22 1.00E+04 6 1 Available
43Scm/g 43 21 22 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
43Scm/g 43 21 22 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
44Sc 44 21 23 1.00E+04 6 1 Available
44Sc 44 21 23 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
44Sc 44 21 23 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
45Sc 45 21 24 1.00E+04 6 1 Available
45Sc 45 21 24 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
45Sc 45 21 24 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
49Sc 49 21 28 1.00E+04 6 1 Available
49Sc 49 21 28 1.00E+04 10 1 Available
49Sc 49 21 28 1.00E+04 14 1 Available
42Ti 42 22 20 1.50E+02 6 1 Available
42Ti 42 22 20 1.50E+02 10 1 Available
44Ti 44 22 22 1.50E+02 6 1 Available
44Ti 44 22 22 1.50E+02 10 1 Available