A process to modify the surface of the active material used in an electrochemical device. The modification agent can be a silane, organometallic compound, or a mixture of two or more of such compounds. Both negative and positive electrodes for lithium-ion batteries can be made from the surface-modified active materials. Surface modification can be accomplished by either adding the agent to a non-aqueous electrolyte used in constructing a battery, or by treating the materials in a gas phase or in a solution.
- Increased safety and life of lithium-ion batteries, as the surface modification prevents a catalytic reaction in lithium-ion cells that generates hydrogen gas, which can lead to substantial power fade of the cell and potential explosions.
- Includes methods and molecules as additives that enable electrode modification.
Applications and Industries
Coatings for electrodes used in batteries for
- Electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles;
- Portable electronic devices;
- Medical devices; and
- Space, aeronautical, and defense-related devices.
Reduced to practice