Argonne, Brookhaven collaborate to advance materials research
The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and two other institutions are partnering with Brookhaven National Laboratory (Upton, New York) to answer compelling questions surrounding a range of materials, including those for quantum and energy applications.
The three-year, DOE-funded project centers around a mega-electron volt ultrafast electron diffraction (MUED) instrument. Inspired by devices like electron microscopes, the MUED instrument at Brookhaven is the first of its kind in the world. Scientists can learn more about materials during phase transitions, when materials undergo changes in physical properties. However, phase transitions occur quickly and are elusive to capture. Ultrafast instruments like MUED can pause materials in a state of non-equilibrium, permitting scientists to probe the materials and discover more about them.
The team will analyze its gathered data and simulations at Argonne’s Leadership Computing Facility, a DOE Office of Science high-performance computing user facility, with techniques involving optimization, artificial intelligence and machine learning. Using MUED, researchers will learn how to drive materials into states that exhibit new or previously unimagined properties.
Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory (New Mexico) and The University of New Mexico (Albuquerque) are also collaborating on the project.
Collaboration with IBM widens the nation’s quantum talent pipeline
Armonk (New York)-based IBM’s quantum division, IBM Q Network, is training the quantum computing workforce of tomorrow with the Chicago Quantum Exchange (CQE), of which the Argonne is a founding member. The effort includes a postdoctoral training program that links academia, national laboratories and industry to address the current and future demand for quantum and STEM talent on a national scale.
“As we continue to explore practical applications for quantum computing, it’s critical we partner with businesses and organizations from a variety of industries and disciplines,” Bob Sutor, vice president, IBM Q Strategy and Ecosystem, said in January 2019. “These organizations will work directly with IBM scientists, engineers and consultants to explore quantum computing for specific industries. They will have cloud-based access to IBM Q systems, as they work to discover real-world problems that may be solved faster or more efficiently with a quantum computer versus a classical computer.”
Argonne, partners help New York avoid supply chain, infrastructure problems
New York City’s critical supply chains are better protected from interruptions, and its infrastructure from extreme weather events, after Argonne collaborated with federal and local government agencies to provide the city with solutions. In one project, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security partnered with Argonne’s Decision and Infrastructure Sciences division to assess the city’s high percentage of freight transport that depend on trucking and critical supply chains vulnerable to interruption due to potential points of failure. Argonne’s analysis and report provided recommendations, including a long-term shift of some truck freight to rail and maritime options.
In another project, Argonne contributed to a review of the city’s energy, transportation and communications infrastructure to protect its residents and businesses from extreme weather impacts. Through extensive modeling of projected electric power grid operations stressed by a long-duration heat wave, and a geospatial analysis of critical infrastructure resource flows, the project identified vulnerabilities and failure points. Argonne experts developed methods to understand dependencies and interdependencies among infrastructure systems, evaluated critical supply chains and responded to disasters.
Cornell, UChicago and Argonne uncover next-generation battery materials, game changer for electronics
New York’s Cornell University collaborated with Argonne and the University of Chicago to discover an efficient way to grow extremely thin films of organic materials that could improve electronics. The films could be used as electrical capacitors, nanorobots (a fabric that bends or straightens when exposed to water or light), membranes to filter water or boost batteries and sensors to detect toxins. The findings were published in December 2019 in Science.
Through this project, Cornell researchers worked at the forefront of materials science and used one of the most technologically complex machines in the world — the Advanced Photon Source (APS), a DOE Office of Science User Facility at Argonne — which produces ultrabright, high-energy X-ray beams. These X-ray beams allow users to collect data in unprecedented detail and in amazingly short time frames, opening doors to breakthroughs in nearly every scientific discipline.
Cornell University is also a partner in the Argonne-led Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), an energy innovation hub sponsored by DOE with a mission to design and build transformative materials that can be mixed and matched to build a diversity of next-generation batteries. The Cornell team investigates the polymerics that go into batteries.
The APS is a DOE Office of Science User Facility.